On This Day

November 12

maple leaf Today's Canadian Headline...
1775 YANKEES CAPTURE MONTREALMontreal Quebec – American Revolutionary General Richard Montgomery 1736-1775 lands at Point St. Charles and marches into Montreal a day after Guy Carleton evacuates the town. All Canada except Trois-Rivieres and Quebec City is now under the occupation of the Army of the Continental Congress, and the French habitants are being urged to join the Revolution.

Also On This Day...

Prescott Ontario –
Republican Colonel Nils von Schoultz leads 200 Canadian exiles and US sympathizers in an attack against Prescott; fights the four-day Battle of the Windmill against British regulars and the local Canadian militia. Von Schoultz, a Finn, runs his schooner Charlotte aground below Prescott, and takes up position in a 6-storey stone windmill and several stone houses nearby; Canadians send a small vessel, the Experiment, to cut Schoultz off from the US, while 700 militia start arriving from the surrounding counties and a force of 70 British marines comes downriver by steamer from Kingston; the militia drive the Hunters from the houses into the windmill the following day; on the 14th Col Henry Dundas arrives with 4 companies of the 83rd Regiment, 2 eighteen-pounders and a howitzer; the rebels surrender on the 16th.


And in Today's Canadian Birthdays...

Neil Young 1945-
singer and songwriter, was born on this day at Toronto in 1945, the son of Globe and Mail sports columnist Scott Young. Young started playing garage rock and roll in 1960, and by 1963 had cut his first record with the Squires, a Group from Winnipeg. In the mid 60s, he played with 4 To Go, and in 1965 cut 16 songs at Motown studios in Detroit with The Mynah Birds. In 1966 he helped found Buffalo Springfield – later CSNY (Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young – and toured southern California with them, selling out at the Whiskey A Go Go in LA. In 1968 he toured the US solo, then Canada solo and released the album Neil Young (1969). He toured U.S. east coast with Crazy Horse, then released After the Gold Rush (1969), then toured with CSNY and Friends. In 1971 he recorded most of the album Harvest with The Stray Gators, released the album 4 Way Street, and the following year played the Mariposa Folk Festival in Toronto solo. In 1973 he toured with The Santa Monica Flyers, and started playing prison and Indian Community benefits. In 1976 he played The Last Waltz Concert with The Band and Joni Mitchell. Other albums from this period include Zume (1975) Long May You Run (1976 – Stills Young Band), Decade (1977), Comes a Time (1978) and Rust Never Sleeps (1979). In 1980 Young played the Bread & Roses Festival with Friends, and released the album Hawks & Doves (1980), Re-Ac-Tor (1981), Trans (1982- Friends) , Everybody’s Rockin’ (1983- Shocking Pinks). In 1984 he played Austin City Limits with the International Harvesters. In 1985 he helped record “Tears are Not Enough” with Northern Lights, and played Live Aid in Philadelphia, and Farm Aid with The Grey Riders. He has played other benefits for Vietnam Veterans, Greenpeace, Get Tough on Toxins, Hungerthon, Walden Woods and the Nelson Mandela Benefit. On June 27, 1987 he played with his old band The Squires in a concert in the Blue Note Cafe, Winnipeg, and in 1988 joined Bob Dylan and Bruce Springsteen on stage for several concerts. He played Saturday Night Live in 1989 and in the 1990s released Ragged Glory (1990), Arc (1991), Harvest Moon (1993) and Broken Arrow (1996). He has recently toured with Crazy Horse and Friends, and played with Nicolette Larson, Nils Lofgren, the Grateful Dead, Warren Zevon, Brooker T. and the MGs, Willie Nelson, Led Zeppelin, Brendan O’Brien and Pearl Jam (MTV Video Music Awards). In 1994 he received the Canadian Governor-General’s Performing Arts Award, and the following year was inducted into the Rock’n’Roll Hall of Fame, thirty albums after he began. For more Neil, check out The Neil Young Appreciation Society , founded in 1981, producers of Broken Arrow magazine.Also Jeanne Mance 1606-1673
hospital founder, was baptized on this day at Langres, France, in 1606; died at Montreal June 18, 1673. Mance joined the Société Notre-Dame de Montréal in 1641 and accompanied de Maisonneuve and the first settlers to Ville Marie; spent first winter at the Sillery reserve; 1642 took first patients; 1645 completed the Hotel Dieu de Montréal; returned to France to raise funds; 1657 to France to bring the Hospitallers from La Flèche to staff the Hotel Dieu.

Also Francis Nicholson 1655-1727
soldier, colonial administrator, was born on this day at Downholme, England, in 1655; dies at London, England, Mar. 05, 1727 OS. Nicholson led two unsuccessful attacks on New France via the Hudson River and Lake Champlain in 1709 and 1711; 1710 captured Port Royal in Acadia with 500 marines and a fleet led by Commodore George Martin; 1712 appointed Governor of Nova Scotia and Placentia; 1714 spent August to October in Nova Scotia, but was recalled.

Also Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, Comte de Bougainville 1729-1811
soldier, sailor, scientist, was born on this day at Paris, France, in 1729; died at Paris Aug. 20, 1811. Bougainville entered the French military in 1750 and was posted to Quebec in 1756 as aide-de-camp to the Marquis de Montcalm; 1758 wrote treatise on the benefits of freer trade for New France; 1763 entered the French navy; founded short-lived colony of exiled Acadians on the Falkland Islands; 1771 published Voyage autour du monde; saw action in the French navy during the American Revolution; tropical vine bougainvillaea named after him.

Also Miller Brittain 1912-1968
artist, was born on this day at Saint John, New Brunswick, in 1912; died at Saint John Jan. 21, 1968. Brittain attended the Art Students League in New York from 1930 to 1932; specialized in painting the detail of urban life; served in the RCAF and worked as a war artist; his later paintings were more surrealist.

Also Jean Papineau-Couture 1916-
musician, teacher, composer, was born on this day at Montreal in 1916. Papineau-Couture studied in Montreal and Cambridge, Massachusetts, under Nadia Boulanger, concentrating on Stravinsky and French Impressionist composers; taught at Collège Jean-de-Brébeuf, the Conservatoire de musique de Montréal and ‘Universiteé de Montréal (Dean of the Faculty 1968-73).

Also John Porter 1921-1979
sociologist, was born on this day at Vancouver in 1921; died at Ottawa June 15, 1979. Porter graduated from the London School of Economics, and taught primarily at Carleton University; his major study was the use of power by Canadian elites; 1965 published The Vertical Mosaic; 1979 published his collected essays, The Measure of Canadian Society: Education, Equality, and Opportunity.

Also Agnes Nanogak 1925-
artist, printmaker, was born on this day at Baillie Island, NWT, in 1925. Nanogak started publishing prints with the Holman artists’ co-operative in 1967; has illustrated 2 books of Inuit stories, Tales from the Igloo (1972), and More Tales from the Igloo (1986).

Also Jean-Guy Pilot 1930-
writer, producer, was born on this day at St-Polycarpe, Quebec, in 1930. After studies at Valleyfield, Rigaud and l’Université de Montréal, Pilot worked for Radio-Canada producing talk shows; 1959 co-founded the magazine Liberté; 1970-1985 head of cultural programming for SRC; 1985 returned to arts production; has published 8 poetry collections.

Also Barbara MacDougall 1937-
stockbroker, journalist, politician, was born Barbara Jean Leamen on this day at Toronto in 1937. MacDougall was educated at the University of Toronto, and after graduation worked as an investment analyst, and a business writer; 1976 VP of AE Ames; 1984 elected to Parliament as a PC in Toronto-St. Paul’s; served in the Mulroney Cabinet as Minister of State for Finance, with responsibility for privatization, as well as in the Health & Welfare and External Affairs portfolios; 1993 returned to private life.

Also John Metcalf 1938-
writer, was born on this day at Carlisle, England, in 1938. Metcalf came to Canada in 1961 to teach school in Montréal; works include: 1970 short story collection The Lady Who Sold Furniture; 1972 novel Going Down Slow; 1975 short story collection The Teeth of My Father; 1978 Girl in Gingham (novellas); 1980 novel General Ludd; 1982 literary criticism, Kicking Against the Pricks; 1986 novel Adult Entertainment.

Also Chris Wells 1975-
NHL centre, was born on this day at Calgary in 1975. Wells was selected by the Pittsburgh Penguins in the first round (24th pick overall) of the 1994 NHL Entry Draft; currently plays for the Florida Panthers.

In Other Events…
1997 Tampa Florida – Jacques Demers hired as Head Coach of the NHL Tampa Bay Lighting.
1996 Toronto Ontario – Blue Jays pitcher Pat Hentgen wins the Cy Young Award, edging Andy Pettitte of the New York Yankees; Hentgen was 20-10 with a 3.22 ERA; first player from a Canadian team to win.
1995 Cape Canaveral, Florida – Canadian Space Agency astronaut Chris Hadfield on board Atlantis shuttle flight STS-74 as it blasts off from Kennedy Space Center for a rendezvous with the Russian space station Mir; Hadfield the fourth Canadian to go into space; first Canadian to perform NASA Mission Specialist duties including operation of the Canadarm.
1992 Iqaluit NWT – 69% of 9,648 eligible Inuit vote Yes to land settlement and creation of Nunavut Territory; Inuit to get clear title to land, hunting and fishing rights.
1991 Yellowknife NWT – Nellie Cournoyea elected as leader of Northwest Territories legislature; 12 year veteran of assembly.
1991 Toronto Ontario – June Rowlands elected Mayor of Toronto, defeating Jack Layton; first woman mayor of city.
1991 New York City – Bryan Adams’ ‘Can’t Stop This Thing We Started’ at #1 on the Billboard hit singles list.
1991 Mississauga Ontario – Northern Telecom wins $1.05 billion order for digital switching and transmission equipment; to midwest Ameritech phone network.
1990 Montreal Quebec – Robert Bourassa in hospital for diagnostic tests; suffering from melanoma.
1984 Space – NASA shuttle astronauts use Canadarm to snare a wandering satellite; history’s first space salvage.
1983 Space – Loverboy’s ‘Queen of the Broken Hearts’ peaks at #34 on the Billboard pop singles chart; Vancouver group.
1982 Space – NASA Shuttle Columbia flight STS-5 deploys Canadian Anik-C3 comsat (mass 632 kg).
1981 Cape Canaveral, Florida – NASA space shuttle Columbia STS-2 blasts off from the Kennedy Space Center, carrying Canada’s $100 million robot arm, made by Spar Aerospace in Toronto; the Canadarm will perform flawlessly; Columbia the first spaceship to be relaunched.
1979 Norman Wells, NWT – Metis Association of the NWT offers $160 million for Ottawa’s 1/3 share of Norman Wells operation.
1978 Montreal Quebec – Jean Drapeau elected Mayor of Montreal for the 7th consecutive time.
1976 USA – Canadian jockey Sandy Hawley 1949- breaks thoroughbred racing’s all-time money-winning record for single year; $4,255,912 winnings in 1 year.
1975 Toronto Ontario – 8,800 Toronto teachers go on strike at 135 high schools.
1971 Regina Saskatchewan – Paul Joseph Cini hijacks Air Canada plain over the prairies, but soon subdued and arrested; brandishing 54 sticks of dynamite and a shotgun.
1969 Montreal Quebec – Montreal Mayor Jean Drapeau bans street demonstrations in the city.
1966 Omaha Nebraska – Dick The Bruiser beats Quebec’s Mad Dog Vachon in Omaha, to become NWA champ.
1965 Denver Colorado – Quebec’s Mad Dog Vachon beats The Crusher in Denver, to become NWA champ.
1962 Montreal Quebec – International Exhibition Bureau approves Montreal bid to hold World’s Fair, Expo ’67.
1956 Ottawa Ontario – Ottawa founds Canada Council, to encourage growth of arts, humanities and social sciences.
1953 Washington DC – US-Canada agreement establishes St. Lawrence River Joint Board of Engineers; to plan construction of St. Lawrence Seaway.
1951 Toronto Ontario – National Ballet of Canada gives first performance in Toronto.
1941 Ottawa Ontario – Arthur Meighen 1874-1960 again elected Leader of the Conservative Party, replacing interim leader R.B. Hanson; was Leader 1920-26.
1940 Ottawa Ontario – Canadian government bans import of comic books.
1939 China – Canadian surgeon Dr. Norman Bethune dies of blood poisoning (septicemia) while operating a battlefield hospital in North China for Communist troops under Mao Tse Tung; becomes hero of the Revolution.
1938 Vancouver BC – Lions Gate Bridge opens for traffic to North Vancouver.
1935 Montreal Quebec – First flight of Noorduyn Norseman prototype bush plane; 904 Norsemans built before production ends in 1959.
1931 Toronto Ontario – Conn Smythe opens the Maple Leaf Gardens arena; has to pay workers with shares because of the Depression; in the first game this day, the Leafs beat the Black Hawks 2-1.
1930 Sverdrup Islands NWT – Norway recognizes Canadian sovereignty over Sverdrup Islands; after payment and negotiation with Sverrup’s widow.
1922 Hollywood California – Toronto actress Mary Pickford stars in ‘Tess of the Storm Country’, released today; appeared in a 1914 version of the same story.
1921 Washington DC – Robert Laird Borden 1854-1937 represents Canada at Washington Conference on the Limitation of Armaments; until February 6, 1922.
1917 Ottawa Ontario – First Victory Loan of $150 million oversubscribed, yielding over $400 million.
1880 Stellarton Nova Scotia – Mine explosion in Foord Pit at Stellarton kills 50 coal miners.
1840 Toronto Ontario – Imperial Government sets up magnetical and meteorological observatory at Toronto.
1813 Astoria Oregon – John McTavish 17??-1847 takes possession of Astoria for the North West Company; establishes fort at mouth of Columbia River.
1757 German Flats New York – Beletre attacks and burns German Flats, on the Mohawk River, with 300 Canadians and Indians; kills 50 English settlers.
1633 Quebec Quebec – Jesuit priest Paul LeJeune starts his mission to the Indians.

Today in Canadian History is written, compiled, edited and produced by Ottawa Researchers © 1984-2002.


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