On This Day

November 14

maple leaf Today's Canadian Headline...
1849 TORONTO THE CAPITAL OF CANADAToronto Ontario – Toronto, Upper Canada becomes the new seat of the Union government; after a Tory mob had burned the Montreal Parliament buildings.

Also On This Day...

Port Royal, Nova Scotia –
Marc Lescarbot c1570-1642 writes and produces North America’s first European drama, Neptune’s Theatre, staged in canoes outside the fort, complete with verses in French, Gascon and Micmac. The play is a ‘jovial spectacle’ where King Neptune arrives in a floating chariot drawn by six tritons, to the sound of trumpets and cannons, to greet Samuel de Champlain, as he returns to Port-Royal with Jean de Biencourt de Poutrincourt et de Saint-Just, the lieutenant-governor of Acadia.


And in Today's Canadian Birthdays...

Frederick Banting 1891-1941
physician, physiologist, and Nobel laureate, was born on this day at Alliston, Ontario in 1891; died in a plane crash on route to England in 1941. After medical training at the University of Toronto, Banting entered the Canadian Army Medical Corps in 1915, becoming a Captain, then practiced medicine in London, Ontario, until 1921. In 1922, working at U of T in the laboratory of Scottish physiologist J. J. R. Macleod and aided by Canadian physiologist Charles Best, Banting discovered the pancreatic hormone insulin, used in treating diabetes. The following year he and Macleod won the Nobel Prize in Medicine. Objecting to the credit given Macleod, who had not participated in the discovery, Banting shared his half with Best. Macleod divided his share with Canadian chemist J. B. Collip, who helped Macleod purify insulin after its isolation. In 1923 the U of T set up the Banting-Best Department of Medical Research with Banting as its director. In 1934 he was knighted, and died in a plane crash on the way to England to take a wartime post.Also Jean-Baptiste de Saint-Vallier 1653-1727
churchman, was born on this day at Grenoble, France in 1653; died at Quebec City Dec. 26, 1727. Saint-Vallier arrived at Quebec July 31, 1688 and served as second bishop of Quebec until his death; founded the Hôpital Général at Quebec; promoted missions in Acadia, Louisiana and the west; quarreled with Governor Frontenac over declining morals, and a performance of Moliere’s Tartuffe; 1704-09 captured and imprisoned in England; 1713 returned to Quebec and gave his fortune to the poor.

Also Georges Chenier 1907-1970
billiards player, was born on this day in 1907; died Nov. 16, 1970. Chenier was North American snooker champion 1947 to 1970 and twice runner up to world champion Fred Davis of Britain; 1963 ran the first perfect game of 150 points ever registered in tournament play in the World Pocket Billiard Championship, beating the champion Irving Crane.

Also Frank Radford ‘Budge’ Crawley 1911-1987
filmmaker, was born on this day at Ottawa, died at Toronto May 13, 1987. Crawley broke into film making with his Ile d’OrlŽans, a film he made on his honeymoon with wife Judith, which won the Hiram Percy Maxim Award for best amateur film in 1939. John Grierson of the National Film Board hired him to make war training films, and for the next 40 years, Crawley Films produced hundreds of films, including The Loon’s Necklace (1948 – Film of the Year at the first Canadian Film Awards, 1949); Newfoundland Scene (1950); The Power Within (1953); The Legend of the Raven (1958); The Entertainers (1967); Amanita Pestilens (1963); The Luck of Ginger Coffey (1964); The Rowdyman (1972); The Man Who Skied Down Everest (1975 – Academy Award for feature-length documentary); and Janice (1978 – Janice Joplin in concert).

Also Bryan ‘Bugsy’ Watson 1942-
hockey player, was born on this day in 1942. Watson played with the NHL Montreal Canadiens, Detroit Red Wings, Pittsburgh Penguins and Washington Capitals.

Also Tony Penikett 1945-
politician, was born on this day in Sussex, England in 1945. Penikett started in politics began in 1972 as campaign manager for Wally Firth, NDP MP for the North West Territories; 1973 member of NDP federal council; 1975-76 executive assistant to Ed Broadbent; 1978 elected to Yukon legislature as sole New Democrat; 1981 leader of the Opposition in Yukon; 1981-85 NDP national president; 1985 defeating incumbent Conservatives, leader of Yukon minority government; 1989 won majority; 1992 defeated by newly formed Yukon Party, but kept his own seat.

Also Charles Philip Arthur George, Prince of Wales 1948-
future King of England, was born on this day at London, England, in 1948, the first child of Elizabeth II.

Also Lori Dupuis 1972-
women’s hockey left winger, was born on this day at Williamstown, Ontario, in 1972; member of the gold medal winning team at the 1997 World Championship in Kitchener, Ontario, scoring two goals and four assists.

In Other Events…
1994 Montreal Quebec – Pierre Bourque elected the 39th Mayor of Montreal.
1992 Strathroy Ontario – Greg Curnoe 1936-1992 dies after cycling collision with pickup truck near London, while riding his Mariposa bicycle with the London Centennial Wheelers cycling club; artist known for bicycle paintings, and mixed-media and print collage works; helped found the Nihilist Spasm noise band in 1965, and the Forest City artist-run gallery in 1973; 1981 had a major retrospective at the National Gallery; major works include Kamekaze (1967), View of Victoria Hospital (1969-1971), Mariposa T.T. (1978-79) and Organic Pigments (1987).
1991 Toronto Ontario – Ontario sells SkyDome to consortium of 8 companies for $280 million in cash and tax breaks.
1989 Montreal Quebec – CP Rail starts cabooseless train operations; CN Rail follows on Feb. 1, 1990.
1983 Ottawa Ontario – Commons ends 86-year-old Crowsnest Pass grain freight rates; new rates raise costs for farmers but put $3.7 billion into rail upgrade.
1982 Vancouver BC – Workers raise the inflatable roof of Vancouver’s BC Place, completing Canada’s first domed stadium. The stadium opens the following June.
1982 Montreal Quebec – Jean Drapeau Mayor of Montreal for the 8th time.
1981 Montreal Quebec – VIA rail announces cuts to nearly 20% of its services.
1975 Montreal Quebec – Quebec government creates the Régie Olympique; takes full control of finance and construction of main stadium for 1976 Summer Olympics; the Big O.
1973 Ottawa Ontario – Canada begins production of Olympic coins to help pay for the 1976 Summer Olympics awarded to Montreal.
1972 Lahr Germany – Canadian Armed Forces installs SAMSON (Strategic Automatic Message Switching Operation Network), for computer-controlled message handling to bases in Europe.
1971 Toronto Ontario- University of Western Ontario Mustangs, under new coach Frank Cosentino, a former quarterback, win the first of four Canadian university titles in the 1970s, in a 15-14 squeaker over Alberta that saw quarterback Joe Fabiani’s 97-yard bomb to Terry Harvey; Western coach Johnny Metras retired after 30-year reign.
1969 Sudbury Ontario – 16,000 Inco employees end 128-day strike.
1969 Montreal Quebec – Organizers cancel annual Santa Claus parade in Montreal due to increased violence in city, and a civic law against demonstrations.
1967 Toronto Ontario – Ontario announces plans to consolidate 1,500 school boards into 100 county-size boards, by Jan 1,1969.
1966 Montreal Quebec – 5,200 Air Canada machinists and auxiliary workers start two-week strike; first in 29-year history.
1964 Montreal Quebec – Gordie Howe of the Detroit Red Wings set a National Hockey League record as he scored his 627th career goal in a game against Montreal.
1962 Quebec – Jean Lesage re-elected Liberal Premier of Quebec; under the slogan ‘Maîtres chez nous’ – ‘Masters in our Own House’, coined by Natural Resources Minister René Lévesque.
1960 Ottawa Ontario – National Research Council announces formation of Medical Research Council.
1959 Toronto Ontario – University of Western Ontario Mustangs beat British Columbia 34-7 in the East-West championship before 2,500 people at Varsity Stadium; Western outrushes British Columbia 461 yards to 202, to take their first Canadian university football title.
1955 Toronto Ontario – 2,000 De Havilland Aircraft workers in Toronto end four-month strike.
1953 Ottawa Ontario – US President Dwight D. Eisenhower addresses the Senate and House of Commons.
1950 Toronto Ontario – Junior farmer Ricky Sharpe wins the world wheat championship at the Royal Winter Fair; 13 year old from Munson, Alberta, a member of the Drumheller Junior Grain Club; his 18 lb sample of Marquis wheat was judged the finest.
1945 Ottawa Ontario – Future Prime Minister Louis St-Laurent urges keeping the Red Ensign in a flag debate.
1922 Calgary Alberta – Robert Chambers ‘Bob’ Edwards dies; editor and publisher of the Calgary Eye Opener born at Edinburgh, Scotland, Sept. 12, 1864. Edwards went into the newspaper business in the south of France, publishing an English-language newspaper on the Riviera; 1894 emigrated to Canada; 1897 started the weekly Free Lance in Wetaskiwin, Alberta, the first newspaper between Edmonton and Calgary; 1902 moved to High River and started the Eye Opener, which he soon moved to Calgary, where he was known for his wit and his ability to skewer the famous and pompous; 1909 moved to Toronto, Montreal, Port Arthur, and Winnipeg, returning to Calgary in 1911; 1916 a recovered alcoholic, supported prohibition in the referendum; 1921 elected to the Alberta legislature as an Independent.
1914 Hamilton Ontario – Billy Mallett of the Hamilton Tigers kicks 10 singles in an Ontario Rugby Football Union game.
1914 New York City – Cobourg actress Marie Dressler stars in a film version of her stage show, Tillie’s Punctured Romance, with Charlie Chaplin and Mabel Normand; six-reel silent film is Canadian Mack Sennett’s first feature-length picture. On the same day, Chaplin left Sennett’s Keystone company to sign with the Essanay company at $1,250 a week.
1909 Atlantic Ocean – Joshua Slocum 1844-1909 dies at sea on or after this date; ship’s captain, explorer, author, first man to sail solo around the world, born at Wilmot Township, Nova Scotia Feb. 20, 1844; brought up at Westport, Brier Island. Slocum went to sea at 16, and served in merchant ships to Europe and the Far East; wrote Voyage of the Liberdade (1890), Voyage of the Destroyer (1894) and Sailing Alone Around the World (1900), about his epic 75,000 km voyage around the globe in a 13 ton oyster sloop, the Spray, from 1895 to 1898.
1879 Montreal Quebec – Formation of the sixth Cavalry Regiment, later the 15th Armored Regiment, Duke of Connaught’s Hussars, in Montreal.
1858 Montreal Quebec – Monument set up in Côte-des-Neiges Cemetery to commemorate the Patriotes of 1837-38.
1838 Prescott Ontario – Col Henry Dundas arrives with four companies of the 83rd Regiment, two eighteen-pounders and a howitzer, to attack Republican Colonel Nils von Schoultz and his 200 Canadian exiles and US sympathizers holed up in a 6-storey stone windmill; the rebels surrender on the 16th.
1835 Saint John, New Brunswick – Opening of insane asylum at Saint John; Canada’s first insane asylum.
1778 Philadelphia Pennsylvania – George Washington writes Henry Laurens, president of the Continental Congress, that his French ally, the Marquis de Lafayette, wants to undertake a campaign against the British in Canada, to regain New France.
1736 Anticosti Island, Quebec – Father Emmanuel Crespel shipwrecked on Anticosti Island.

Today in Canadian History is written, compiled, edited and produced by Ottawa Researchers © 1984-2002.


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