On This Day

November 18

maple leaf Today's Canadian Headline...
1936 BIRTH OF THE GLOBE & MAILToronto Ontario – George McCullagh’s Globe newspaper purchases The Mail & Empire and amalgamates the two papers to form The Globe and Mail; Thomson Newspapers will acquire the daily in 1980.

Also On This Day...

Ottawa Ontario – Sanford Fleming’s Standard Time scheme begins at midnight Atlantic Time in Nova Scotia and the eastern Seaboard of the US. Canada and the US agreed to divide the continent into four time zones, primarily to manage the nightmare of local times clasing with rail.way timetables. Other world nations will endorse the Canadian engineer’s idea at a 1884 Washington conference. Here he proposing global time zones at a meeting in Toronto in 1879.


And in Today's Canadian Birthdays...

Margaret Atwood 1939-
poet, novelist, critic, was born on this day at Ottawa. Atwood’s family spent several months a year in the bush of Ontario and Quebec. She was educated at the University of Toronto, Radcliffe College and Harvard University, and lives in Toronto with fellow author Graeme Gibson and daughter Jess. Atwood’s novels include The Edible Woman (1972), Surfacing (1972), Lady Oracle (1976), Life Before Man (1979), Bodily Harm (1981), The Handmaid’s Tale (1985 – Governor General’s Award), Cat’s Eye (1988), The Robber Bride (1993). Her short stories include Dancing Girls (1977), Bluebeard’s Egg (1983), Murder in the Dark (1983), Wilderness Tips (1991), Good Bones (1992). Her poetry included Selected Poems (1965), The Circle Game (1966 – Governor General’s Award), The Animals in that Country (1968), The Journals of Susanna Moodie (1970), Procedures for Underground (1970), Power Politics (1971), You Are Happy (1974), Two-Headed Poems (1978), True Stories (1981), Murder in the Dark (1983 -with short stories), Interlunar (1984) and Selected Poems II (1986) Her criticism includes Survival: A Thematic Guide to Canadian Literature (1972), Second Words: Selected Critical Prose (1984) and Strange things: Factions of the Malevolent North in Canadian literature (1995). She has also edited The New Oxford Book of Canadian Verse in English (1982) and The New Oxford Book of Canadian Short Stories (1995).
Also Jean-Paul Lemieux 1904-1990
painter, art teacher, was born on this day at Quebec City in 1904; died there Dec. 7, 1990. Lemieux studied at the Academia Colarossi in Italy, at la Grande Chaumière in Paris, then iat Loyola and the Ecole du Meuble in Montreal in the 20s and 30s; taught there, replacing Paul-Emile Borduas; moved to the Ecole des Beaux-arts in Quebec City, where he taught from 1937 to 1965. He is known for his ethereal figures set against receding landscapes. [some say died Nov. 07]

In Other Events…
1994 Quebec government officially shelves Hydro Quebec’s $13.3-billion Great Whale powerdam project after lobbying by Quebec Crees and a softening of the US power market.
1992 Casey Quebec – RCMP seize record 4,323 kilos of cocaine with a street value of $2.7 billion. The Canadian military, with the help of the US DEA, track the plane from South America, then chase it with jet fighters and military helicopters over New Brunswick, forcing it to land at a remote Quebec airstrip; on Nov. 20 they close a processing lab in Laval and arrest 4 Quebeckers, 3 Columbian nationals.
1984 Edmonton Alberta – Winnipeg Blue Bombers beat Hamilton Tiger Cats 47-17 to win the Grey Cup.
1981 Toronto Ontario – Hudson’s Bay Company announces closure of its 65 Ontario catalogue stores.
1980 Caledon Ontario – Conn Smythe dies; builder of Maple Leaf Gardens and founder of the Toronto Maple Leafs.
1975 Toronto Ontario – Queen’s Park passes law to lower the speed limit on highways and to make the wearing of seat belts mandatory.
1964 Pine Point NWT – Cominco ships first lead-zinc ore rail from Pine Point to smelters in Trail and Kimberley, BC; over recently completed Great Slave Lake Railway
1963 Nova Scotia – Nova Scotia government closes last segregated school for blacks in the province.
1963 Ottawa Ontario – Ottawa awards National Fitness Grant of $25,000 to Canada’s 1964 Olympic hockey team; first grant to Canadian hockey team travelling abroad
1961 Regina Saskatchewan – Saskatchewan legislature passes law giving citizens of that province Canada’s first prepaid medical care plan.
1959 Ottawa Ontario – Board of Broadcast Governors rules Canada’s TV stations must have 45% Canadian content from April 1, 1961; 55% Canadian content after April 1, 1962
1942 France – Guy Bieler parachutes inside France to act as secret agent; first Canadian Army secret agent inside France
1931 Cape Hopes Advance Quebec – gales force winds reach 125 mph (200 kph), the highest wind speed ever recorded in Canada.
1929 Burin Newfoundland – Cape Breton earthquake sends huge 15.2 metre tidal wave to Newfoundland; kills 27 people on Burin Peninsula, does $2 million damage.
1926 London England – Imperial Conference adopts the Balfour Report; sees a new role for Britain and the self-governing Dominions, as ‘autonomous communities within the British Empire, equal in status.’
1916 France/Belgium – Canadian Fourth Division again attacks the Germans on the Somme; other three Canadian divisions transferred to Artois mid-October
1912 Montreal Quebec – H.R.H. Duke of Connaught 1850-1942 dedicates floating steel dry dock in Montreal.
1883 Ottawa Ontario – Sanford Fleming’s Standard Time scheme adopted in Canada; other nations endorse idea at 1884 conference
1837 Toronto Ontario – William Lyon Mackenzie 1795-1861 decides on a coup d’etat for December 7; to create a republican government in Canada that would petition for union with the United States.

Today in Canadian History is written, compiled, edited and produced by Ottawa Researchers © 1984-2002.

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