On This Day

November 19

maple leaf Today's Canadian Headline...
1869 CANADA SHOPS THE BAYLondon England – The Hudson’s Bay Company owners approve the deed of surrender of their Rupert’s Land territory to Canada. The terms are £300,000 cash, land around HBC posts and 1/20th of the Prairie fertile belt (some 2.8 million hectares of farmland); to come into effect December 1.

Also On This Day...

Langley BC – James Douglas arrives at HBC Fort Langley, 40 km up the Fraser River from the coast, on the SS Beaver. He reads a proclamation creating the Crown Colony of British Columbia, and is sworn in by Judge Matthew Begbie as first Governor. To take up the new post, he resigned as Hudson’s Bay Company Governor of Vancouver Island. Britain conferred colonial status on BC to hold off US annexationists, and to bring the law to the gold miners swarming into the territory, formerly controlled by the HBC. In this picture, Douglas and Begbie are leaving Fort Langley after the ceremony, to return to Victoria. Douglas will bow to pressure and on Feb. 14, 1859, proclaims the site of the capital to be New Westminster.


And in Today's Canadian Birthdays...

Marilyn Bell 1937-
marathon swimmer, was born on this day at Toronto in 1937. On Sept 8-9, 1954, 16 year old Bell became the first person to swim the 51.5 km stretch of Lake Ontario, from Youngstown, NY to Toronto; later the youngest person to swim the Strait of Juan de Fuca and the English Channel.Also Elizabeth Cleaver 1939-1985
author, illustrator, was born on this day at Montreal in 1939; died in Montreal July 27, 1985. Cleaver is best known for her collage works, The Wind Has Wings (1968), The Loon’s Necklace (1977 – a retelling of a native legend).

Also Charles Allard 1919-1991
MD, broadcast entrepreneur, was born on this day at Edmonton in 1919; died in Edmonton Aug 11, 1991. Starting his career as a medical doctor – he became chief surgeon at Edmonton General – Allard moved into real estate, building up Allarcom Developments, which he sold to Carma in 1980. He was also involved in North West Trust, Seaboard Life and Allarcom Broadcasting, which owns Edmonton CITV, Superchannel, YTV and other media properties.

In Other Events…
1995 Toronto Ontario – CFL Baltimore Stallions beat Calgary Stampeders, 37-20 in 83rd Grey Cup game.
1995 Toronto Ontario – Canadian National Railway shares begin to trade on the Toronto Stock Exchange.
1994 St-Denis-sur-Richelieu, Quebec – Journée nationale des Patriotes held at St-Denis to honour the 1837 rebels.
1991 Geneva Switzerland – Canada signs UN sponsored agreement to cut emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds – solvents that kill plants, combine with nitrous oxides to form ozone.
1983 Montreal Quebec – Bruce Hood officiates in his 1,000th National Hockey League game; first NHL referee to reach that mark.
1981 Ottawa Ontario – 3,000 Indians march on Parliament Hill, and more in other sites across Canada, to protest exclusion of aboriginal rights from constitution.
1973 Canso Nova Scotia – Shaheen Natural Resources and SNAW Progretti of Italy to build oil refinery on Canso Strait; capacity of 340 million Litres (200,000 barrels) a day
1969 Halifax, Nova Scotia – Canadian scientific vessel ‘Hudson’ leaves for 11-month voyage of Atlantic, Antarctic, Pacific; to study ocean currents and resource potential
1967 Montreal Quebec – René Lévesque founds the Mouvement ‘Souveraineté-Association’; will later be folded into the Parti québécois.
1966 Omaha Nebraska – Quebec’s Mad Dog Vachon beats Dick The Bruiser in Omaha, to become NWA champ.
1963 Detroit Michigan – Gordie Howe scores record-breaking 545th goal against Charlie Hodge of the Montreal Canadiens, breaking Maurice Richard’s mark. Olympia crowd give him 20 minute standing ovation
1949 Ottawa Ontario – Canadian dollar devalued by l0%.
1948 PEI – opening of the Prince Edward Island to mainland microwave; world’s first microwave for commercial and voice transmission.
1941 Ottawa Ontario – Donald Gordon appointed new Chairman of Wartime Prices and Trade Board on Hector McKinnon’s resignation; was head of Foreign Exchange Control Board
1918 Ottawa Ontario – Cabinet passes order to amalgamate all government-owned railroads; origin of CNR.
1867 London England – British government rejects request to allow British Columbia to join Confederation immediately.
1866 New Westminster, BC – Vancouver Island, which had been a separate colony, becomes part of British Columbia; due to financial crisis.
1837 Quebec Quebec – Crowd of 1000 gathers at the Marché St-Paul to support those Patriotes put in jail; after rioting breaks out with loyalists, military authorities lock the gates of the city at 8 pm.
1804 Montreal Quebec – Mr. Ormsby, a Scottish actor, opens Canada’s first English language theatre with two plays, The Busy Body and Sultan.
1794 Washington, DC – John Jay negotiates Jay Treaty ‘to promote friendship and good neighbourhood’ between the US and British North America; New York fur trader John Jacob Astor benefits when the export of furs to England is allowed, and the British agree to evacuate Ohio Valley forts.
1775 Point-aux-Trembles, Quebec – Benedict Arnold 1738-1789 retreats up river from Quebec to await arrival of Richard Montgomery coming down river from Montreal.
1775 Quebec Quebec – Guy Carleton, Baron Dorchester 1724-1808 reaches Quebec.
1686 Europe – England and France sign Neutrality Pact to settle Hudson Bay dispute and decide on boundary.
1663 Paris France – Alexandre de Prouville, Marquis de Tracy c1596-1670 appointed Lieutenant General of French territories in North America.
1578 Plymouth England – Humphrey Gilbert c1537-1583 leaves Plymouth with ten ships; commissioned by Queen to find new lands and start colony; three ships desert to piracy; rest forced to return to England.

Today in Canadian History is written, compiled, edited and produced by Ottawa Researchers © 1984-2002.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: