On This Day

November 20

maple leaf Today's Canadian Headline...
1995 MULRONEY SUES RCMP, JUSTICE DEPARTMENTMontreal Quebec – Brian Mulroney files $50-million lawsuit against the federal Department of Justice and the RCMP. Claims reputation hurt by letter sent by investigating police to Swiss banking authorities alleging a kickback in the sale of 34 Airbus jets to Air Canada in 1988.

Also On This Day...

Dawson Creek BC – Opening of 2,450 km (1,523 mile) long Alcan Military Highway, or Alaska Highway; from Dawson Creek, BC to Fairbanks, Alaska; road built to supply Pacific North West and Alaska in case of Japanese invasion.


And in Today's Canadian Birthdays...

Wilfrid Laurier 1841-1919
born in St-Lin, Quebec, son of Carolus Laurier and Marie Martineau; Canada’s 7th Prime Minister, 1896-1911; attends Le Collège de L’Assomption and McGill University; dies Feb. 17, 1919. Here’s his birthplace in St-Lin, Quebec.
Also Francis Longworth Haszard 1849-1938
lawyer, politician, judge, was born on this day at Bellevue, PEI, in 1849; died at Charlottetown July 25, 1938. Haszard was elected to the Assembly in 1904; 1908 Premier of PEI; 1911 Judge of the Supreme Court; retired in 1930.

Also John Babbitt McNair 1889-1938
lawyer, politician, judge, was born on this day at Andover, NB, in 1889; died at Fredericton June 14, 1968. McNair served as Premier of New Brunswick 1940-52; 1955 named chief justice of New Brunswick; 1957 he headed the Royal Commission examining the fiscal status of Newfoundland; 1965 Lieutenant Governor.

Also James Bertram ‘Bert’ Collip 1892-1965
biochemist, educator, codiscoverer of insulin with Banting and Best, was born on this day at Belleville, Ontario, in 1892; died at London, Ontario, June 19, 1965. Collip received his PhD in biochemistry from the University of Toronto in 1916; 1921 asked to join the team investigating the internal secretion of the pancreas; Jan 1922 discovered a way to produce a nontoxic, antidiabetic pancreatic extract; produced the first insulin suitable for use on human beings; 1923 received from J. R. R. Macleod a quarter share of the Nobel Prize money awarded to Banting and Macleod; 1928 Professor of Biochemistry at McGill; 1947-61 Dean of Medicine at the University of Western Ontario.

Also John Josiah ‘J.J.’ Robinette 1906-1996
trial lawyer, was born on this day in 1906; died Nov. 18, 1996. In his 62 year career, Robinette argued more cases before the Supreme Court than any other lawyer; defended both common criminals and high-profile businesses and clients.

Also Raymond Affleck 1922-1989
architect, was born on this day at Penticton, BC, in 1922; died at Montreal Mar. 16, 1989. Affleck was educated at McGill and in Zurich, Switzerland; works include the Arts and Culture Centre in St John’s (1967), Vancouver’s Queen Elizabeth Theatre (1955), Montreal’s Place Bonaventure (1964-68), Place Ville Marie (1956-65), and the Maison Alcan (1983); Market Square in Saint John (1983).

Also Ann Rutherford 1924-
TV/movie actress, panelist, was born on this day in 1924. Rutherford starred in Leave It to the Girls.

Also Norman Antony ‘Toni’ Onley 1928-
artist, was born on this day at Douglas, Isle of Man in 1928. Onley immigrated to Canada in 1948; worked in Ontario and BC, studied in England and Mexico; 1964 settled in Vancouver.

Also John MacLean 1964-
NHL right winger, was born on this day at Oshawa, Ontario, in 1964. MacLean was selected as an underage junior by the New Jersey Devils in the first round (sixth pick overall) of the 1983 NHL Entry Draft; signed by New Jersey as a free agent, July 9, 1998; acquired by San Jose from New Jersey with Ken Sutton for Doug Bodger and Dody Wood, December 7, 1997; led San Jose in shots, second in goals, points and power-play goals; now with New York Rangers.

In Other Events…
1996 Quebec Quebec – Bouchard government to reduce the expenses relating to the office of Lieutenant Governor, including sale of the official residence (1010, chemin St-Louis); passes a motion that Ottawa nominate persons approved by the deputies of the National Assembly.
1995 Montreal Quebec – CP Rail says it will move Head Office to Calgary from Montreal, cutting 1,450 management and support jobs, moving 730 positions to Calgary; to be closer to bulk of business.
1993 New York City – Kingston Ontario’s Bryan Adams’ single ‘Please Forgive Me’ peaks at #7 on the Billboard pop charts.
1992 Toronto Ontario – John Piper resigns as advisor to Premier Bob Rae; Toronto Sun says he offered them criminal record of a woman; allegations force Energy Minister Will Ferguson to resign in February.
1992 Toronto Ontario – Queen’s Park passes bill creating a College of Midwives in Ontario; first province to regulate and recognize the profession of midwifery.
1991 New York City – Kingston Ontario’s Bryan Adams has a #1 single on the Billboard pop charts with ‘Can’t Stop This Thing We Started’.
1990 Bromont Quebec – Korean auto company Hyundai opens car body plant at Bromont in the Eastern Townships.
1990 Ottawa Ontario – Justice Bertha Wilson retires from the Supreme Court of Canada; spent 9 years as the first woman on the Court.
1989 Montreal Quebec – Fabric roof of the Olympic Stadium tears during a wind storm.
1979 Ottawa Ontario – Pierre Elliott Trudeau 1919- announces he will resign as Liberal leader after leadership convention in March selects his successor.
1978 Yukon – Progressive Conservatives win 11 of 16 seats in first Yukon election contested by political parties.
1976 New York City – Gordon Lightfoot’s ‘The Wreck Of The Edmund Fitzgerald’ peaks at #2 on the Billboard pop single chart.
1969 Ottawa Ontario – Joseph Drybones’ conviction for being intoxicated off the reserve overturned by Supreme Court, who rule he was denied his rights; Drybones Case affects Treaty rights and off-reserve law.
1969 Montreal Quebec – FLQ terrorists set off bomb in Montreal’s Loyola College.
1964 Yukon – Mt. Kennedy named in memory of late U.S. President John Fitzgerald Kennedy; unnamed mountain on Alaska-Yukon border
1962 New York City – United Nations approves Canadian proposal for monitoring atomic radiation.
1946 Leduc Alberta – Imperial Oil starts drilling Leduc #1, southeast of Edmonton; starts producing Feb. 14, 1947; by late 1947, there are 30 oil wells operating at the Leduc field, pumping over 3,500 barrels a day.
1945 Nuremberg Germany – Canadian lawyers attend war crimes trial of 20 top-ranking Nazi leaders at Nuremberg.
1942 Dawson Creek, BC – Through trucks start rolling toward Fairbanks, Alaska, along the 2,450 km Alcan Military Highway, or Alaska Highway; built to supply the Pacific North West and Alaska in case of Japanese invasion.
1942 Montreal Quebec – NHL abolishes regular season OT until World War II is over.
1934 Toronto Ontario – Toronto Maple Leaf Harvey Jackson is the first NHLer to score 4 goals in one period.
1928 Boston Massachusetts – Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 1-0, in the first NHL game played in the Boston Gardens.
1920 Montreal Quebec – McGill University raises $4 million from alumni and Montreal citizens; added to $1 million grants from Quebec and Rockefeller Foundation
1915 Montreal Quebec – Mayor lays of cornerstone of Montreal Free Municipal Library.
1915 Toronto Ontario – Hamilton Tigers beat Toronto Rowing Club 13-7, in 7th Grey Cup game, before 2,828 fans.
1903 Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan – Moose Jaw incorporated.
1893 Washington DC – US Supreme Court rules that the Great Lakes and their connecting waters constitute ‘high seas.’ The US and Canada will sign a 1909 treaty giving both countries free and open access to all waters on equal terms.
1877 Edmonton Alberta – Opening of first telegraph service to Edmonton via Calgary.
1871 Winnipeg Manitoba – First telegraph lines link Winnipeg and eastern Canada via Chicago and St. Paul, Minnesota.
1871 Alberta – John and David McDougall arrive in the North West Territory to farm; Alberta’s first farmers.
1871 Arthabaska Quebec – Wilfrid Laurier 1841-1919 first elected to Quebec Assembly; later MP for Quebec East and Canada’s 7th Prime Minister.
1775 Trois-Rivières, Quebec – Trois-Rivières falls to Montgomery’s American invaders the day after Guy Carleton reaches Quebec.
1613 Paris France – King Louis XIII 1601-1643 gives position of Lieutenant-General of New France to Henri de Bourbon, Prince de Condé; after sudden death of Soissons; Samuel de Champlain appointed to govern the Royal Colony.

Today in Canadian History is written, compiled, edited and produced by Ottawa Researchers © 1984-2002.


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