On This Day

November 22

maple leaf Today's Canadian Headline...
1986 GRETZKY HITS 500Edmonton Alberta – Oilers’ Wayne Gretzky scores his 500th career goal in 5-2 victory over Vancouver Canucks; reaches mark in record-setting 575 games, becomes the 13th NHLer to score 500 goals.

And in Today's Canadian Birthdays...

Yvan Cournoyer 1943-
hockey right winger, born on this day at Drummondville Quebec in 1943. Cournoyer joined the Montreal Canadiens in 1963-64 as a power play specialist, and toiled with them for 15 years, 5 years as their captain, until he was forced to retire from a back injury in 1979. Cournoyer made up for his size – he was just 5’7″ and 178 pounds – with exciting speed and deft puck handling, and he quickly gained the nickname The Roadrunner. He was also a clean player, and was only penalized a grand total of 255 minutes over 15 seasons. Cournoyer was a 4 time NHL All Star, and played on 10 Stanley Cup championship teams, all with the Montreal Canadiens. He also scored a great goal in the final Canada-USSR series game on Sept 28, 1972. On a pass from Phil Esposito and Brad Park, Cournoyer tied the score at 5-5, then proceeded to set up Paul Henderson’s winner. In regular season play, Cournoyer notched 863 points (428 goals) in 968 games. In the playoffs, he scored 127 points (64 goals) in 147 games, and won the Conn Smythe Trophy as MVP in 1973.


In Other Canadian Birthdays...

Raymond Collishaw 1893-1976
air ace, was born on this day at Nanaimo BC in 1893; dies at West Vancouver Sept. 29, 1976 Collishaw began his career as a naval aviator, and served with the Scott Antarctic Expedition in 1911. Entering the Royal Flying Corps in 1915, he proceeded to shoot down 60 enemy planes in World War I, second only to Billy Bishop. After the conflict, he stayed aloft in Southern Russia and Persia assisting the White Russians. At the beginning of World War II, he was put in command of the RAF in Egypt, but was not found to be an able administrator, and was retired in 1943 with the rank of Air Vice Marshall.
Also Pierre de Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil 1698-1778
soldier, last Governor of New France 1755-60 was born on this day at Quebec City in 1698; died at Paris, France Aug. 04, 1778. Vaudreuil followed his father into the Troupes de la Marine, and was appointed governor of Trois-Rivières 1733; 1742 succeeded Bienville as governor of Louisiana to 1753; 1755 appointed Governor of New France, succeeding Duquesne; during Seven Years War clashed with Montcalm over using guerrilla warfare on the frontiers; 1760 Sept. 08 surrendered Montreal and New France after negotiating terms protecting the religion and laws of the Canadians, but not allowing the French troops the honours of war; 1763 arrested and tried in the Affaire du Canada, but charged dropped.

Also Richard John Uniacke 1753-1830
lawyer, politician, born on this day at Castletown, Ireland, in 1753; died at Mount Uniacke, Nova Scotia, Oct. 11, 1830. Uniacke moved to the Cumberland district of Nova Scotia as a trader, but returned to Ireland to study law; 1781 Solicitor General of Nova Scotia; 1784 advocate general of the Vice-Admiralty Court; 1783-93, 1798-1805 MLA; 1789-93, 1799-1805 Speaker of the House; 1797 Attorney General; promoted BNA colonial union and commercial independence.

Also Herbert James Symington 1881-1965
lawyer, business executive, born on this day at Sarnia, Ontario, in 1881; died at Montreal Sept. 28, 1965. Symington was admitted to the Manitoba Bar in 1905; prominent Liberal and colleague of J.W. Dafoe and T.A. Crerar; 1936 appointed to the board of the CNR; controller or electricity supplies during World War II; 1941-47 President of Trans-Canada Airlines; helped found the International Civil Aviation Organization in Montreal; later chairman of the board of timber company Price Brothers.

Also Max Ward 1921-
aviator, entrepreneur, was born on this day at Edmonton in 1921. Ward joined the RCAF in 1940 and served as a flight instructor; 1946 founded organized the Polaris Charter Company in Yellowknife, NWT, starting with one single-engined DH 83C de Havilland Fox Moth; 1953 founded Wardair Ltd., specializing in the air transport of heavy equipment to the Far North; 1961 got a licence to operate international air charters; 1962 acquired a DC-6A, and went into the transatlantic charter flight business, with head office to Edmonton; 1984 started to fly scheduled routes; 1989 burden of debt forced sale to PWA, and today’s Canadian Airlines.

Also Arthur Hiller 1923-
film director, born on this day at Edmonton, Alberta, in 1923. Hiller was educated at the University of Alberta and the University of Toronto (psychology), and got a law degree at the University of British Columbia. He started his directing career in TV, then moved into films, directing a wide variety of movies such as , Love Story (1970), The Out-of-Towners (1970), The Man in the Glass Booth (1975), Silver Streak (1976) and The In-Laws (1979). For a complete listing of his work, consult the Internet Movie Database .

Also Irene Macdonald 1933-
diver, born on this day in 1933. Macdonald was Canadian champion from 1951-61, and held the US three metre even title from 1957-60. She won the Bronze Medal at the Commonwealth Games in 1954, and the Silver at the 1958 Games. At the 1956 Melbourne Olympics she won the Bronze – Canada’s first Olympic diving medal.

Also Jacques Laperriere 1941-
hockey player, born on this day in 1941. Laperriere played defence for the Montreal Canadiens.

Also Floyd Chester Sneed 1943-
rock drummer, born on this day in 1943. Sneed played with Three Dog Night.

Also Alwyn Morris 1957-
canoeist, born on this day at Montreal in 1957. Morris won the K-1 1000 m and K-1 500 m junior Canadian championships in 1977; at the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics he and Hugh Fisher won gold in the K-2 1000 m (time 3:24.22) and bronze in the K-2 500 m (1:35.41).

Also Cassie Campbell 1973-
hockey player, born on this day at Brampton, Ontario, in 1973. Campbell plays defence for the University of Guelph (OWIAA)/North York Aeros; was on the gold medal winning team at the World Championships in 1994 and 1997.

In Other Events…
1995 Ottawa Ontario – Roméo Leblanc named Canada’s 25th Governor General, replacing Ray Hnatyshyn; first Acadian to hold the post; sworn in Jan. 29, 1990.
1995 Ottawa Ontario – CBC/SRC announces it is cutting 2,000 jobs to deal with a budget cut of $227 million.
1995 Quebec Quebec – Marcel Masse named Quebec’s délégué général / agent general in Paris.
1993 Toronto Ontario – Justice Horace Krever starts his public hearings into Canada’s blood supply, and the AIDS tainted blood and blood products given to Canadians in the 1980’s, before the Canadian Red Cross began testing for HIV.
1992 Toronto Ontario – Genie Awards: David Cronenberg wins Best Picture, Director, 6 other Genies for Naked Lunch, based on William Burroughs novel; Jean-Claude Lauzon wins Genie Award as Best Original Screenplay for film Leolo; Leolo wins total of 3 awards; Tony Nardi wins Genie Award as Best Actor for role in film La Sarrasine; Peter Suschitzky wins Genie Award as Best Cinematographer for film Naked Lunch; Janet Wright wins Genie Award as Best Actress for role in film Bordertown Cafe.
1986 North Bay, Ontario – Elzire Dionne dies; mother of the Dionne quintuplets, the first quints on record to survive.
1984 Quebec Quebec – Jacques Parizeau resigns as Minister of Finance and leaves the Parti québécois after the PQ decides to drop separatism from its formal platform.
1983 Ottawa Ontario – Statistics Canada reports that Canada’s population will reach 25,000,000 on this day or the next.
1981 Montreal Quebec – Edmonton Eskimos beat Ottawa Rough Riders 26-23 in the 69th Grey Cup, becoming the first CFL team to win 4 consecutive Grey Cups; go on to defeat Toronto Argos in 1982 for 5 in a row record.
1980 Ottawa Ontario – Jules Léger 1913-1980 dies; former Governor General born at St-Anicet, Quebec Apr. 04, 1913. Léger was the brother of brother of Paul-Émile Cardinal Léger; he was a career diplomat, joining the Department of External Affairs in 1940, and serving as Lester Pearson’s Undersecretary of State 1968-72; sworn in as Governor General Jan. 14, 1974; suffered a stroke that June which impaired his speech; his wife, Gabrielle helped him read the Speech from the Throne, in 1976 and 1978; served until Jan. 1979.
1974 Ottawa Ontario – Ottawa cuts crude oil exports to the US to help increase Canadian self-sufficiency in oil; to begin 1975; imports expected to end by 1982
1971 Montreal Quebec – FLQ terrorist Bernard Lortie sentenced to 20 years in prison for the murder of Quebec Labour Minister Pierre Laporte during the October Crisis, 1970.
1963 Toronto Ontario – John Fitzgerald Kennedy’s assassination leads to closing of Toronto Stock Exchange in mid session for first time.
1962 Perth Australia – Opening of British Commonwealth Games in Perth; until December 1; Canada places fourth; Harry Mann 1943- wins gold medal in boxing; Richard Pound 1942- in swimming; Mary Stewart 1945- in swimming; Bruce Kidd 1943- in track.
1961 Quebec Quebec – Founding of the Quebec Arts Council / Conseil des Arts du Québec.
1961 Hollywood California – Film producer Cubby Broccoli and his New Brunswick-born colleague Harry Saltzman start a publicity campaign to make a star out of Sean Connery, their choice for James Bond.
1957 Cornwall Ontario – First ship passes through Iroquois Lock, first lock of new St. Lawrence Seaway.
1956 Melbourne Australia – Canadian team attends opening of the XVI Olympiad. Canada will win two gold medals: coxless fours rowing: Donald Arnold, Ignace d’Hondt, Lorne Loomer, Archie MacKinnon; and smallbore rifle shooting, prone: Gerald Ouellette. Also one silver medal, in rowing eights: David Helliwell, Phillip Kueber, Richard McClure, Douglas McDonald, William McKerlich, Carleton Ogawa, Donald Pretty, Lawrence West, Robert Wilson. Also three bronze medals, in women’s three metre diving: Irene MacDonald; in the equestrian three-day event, team: Jim Elder, Brian Herbinson, John Rumble; and in smallbore rifle shooting, prone: Gilmour Boa.
1951 Samichon River, Korea – Royal 22e Régiment occupies a 7 km front extending north-east from the Samichon River; D Company meets heavy shelling, but holds the position over the next few days.
1944 London England – Canadian General A.G.L. McNaughton 1887-1966 told by Army Council that only conscription will provide enough reinforcements; members threaten to resign if he doesn’t agree. Eventually 13,000 conscript ‘zombies’ will be sent overseas.
1943 England – RAF and RCAF crews start air bombing of Berlin.
1926 Montreal Quebec – Inauguration of the new Palais de Justice, designed by Ernest Cormier.
1915 Ottawa Ontario – The first Canadian War Loan of $50 million issued; raised to $100 million on November 30.
1885 Montreal Quebec – Crowd of 50,000 pro-Riel demonstrators gather in Montreal to protest his hanging in Regina.
1852 Cape Tormentine, New Brunswick – Frederick N. Gisborne 1824-1892 completes laying North America’s first submarine telegraph cable from Cape Tormentine to Carleton Head, PEI.
1842 Mount St Helen, Washington – Toronto painter Paul Kane watches and sketches the eruption of Mount St Helens.
1837 Toronto Ontario – William Lyon Mackenzie 1795-1861 calls for rebellion in message ‘to the people of Upper Canada’ published in his paper ‘The Constitution’.
1837 St-Charles, Quebec – Louis-Joseph Papineau presides over a meeting of Patriote leaders at St-Charles.
1837 Montreal Quebec – Charles Gore 1793-1869 leaves Montreal for Sorel on the steamboat Saint George with 500 men; his plan is to meet up with Wetherall at St-Charles, and move with a combined force of 2,000 Waterloo veterans against the Patriotes in the Richelieu Valley.
1812 Toronto Ontario – John Strachan urges the citizens of York, in a sermon, to help repel the American invaders.
1806 Quebec Quebec – Nationalist newspaper ‘Le Canadien’ begins publication under the direction of Pierre Bédard and the Parti canadien; to counter the attacks of the Quebec Mercury and agitate for greater power and control of political patronage by French Canadians; Canada’s first newspaper written wholly in French.
1726 Quebec Quebec – New France brings in first tax and control of alcoholic beverages.
1612 Paris France – Samuel de Champlain named Lieutenant of the Prince de Condé, proprietor of New France.
1599 St-Malo France – François Gravé du Pont c1554-1629 buys La Roche’s fur trading monopoly, sets up company with Honfleur merchant Pierre Chauvin de Tonnetuit; both veteran St. Lawrence River fur traders; Chauvin a Huguenot
1594 London England – Martin Frobisher dies; Arctic explorer, discoverer of Frobisher Bay for England.

Today in Canadian History is written, compiled, edited and produced by Ottawa Researchers © 1984-2002.

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