On This Day

November 30

maple leaf Today's Canadian Headline...
1940 OTTAWA WINS ONLY 2-GAME GREY CUPToronto Ontario – Ottawa Rough Riders beat Toronto Balmy Beach 8- 2 in first of two game total points Grey Cup competition; Ottawa wins second game and 28th Grey Cup 12-5; the only two-game series ever played.

And in Today's Canadian Birthdays...

Lucy Maud Montgomery 1874-1942
writer, born on this day at Clifton, Prince Edward Island; died in Toronto April 24, 1942. Montgomery was raised in Cavendish, and educated at Prince of Wales College and Dalhousie University. She wrote the best seller Anne of Green Gables in 1908, and seven sequels, as well as the Emily trilogy. She also wrote The Island Hymn, an ode to PEI, approximately 500 short stories and almost 450 poems. In 1911, she married the Reverend Ewan Macdonald and moved near Uxbridge Ontario. At her death, she left over 5,000 pages of unpublished personal diaries, from 1889 to 1942, that are now being edited and published. Why not visit the L. M. Montgomery Institute at the University of PEI.  


And in Other Canadian Birthdays...

Dr. John McCrae 1872-1918
physician, poet, was born on this day at Guelph, Ontario in 1872; died of pneumonia in Boulogne, France, Jan. 28, 1918. McCrae won a scholarship to the University of Toronto; had to take a year off due to severe asthma, which recurred throughout his life; 1894 attended U of T medical school; 1898 MD and gold medal; resident at Toronto General Hospital; 1899 interned at the Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore with his brother Thomas, as associates of Dr. William Osler; 1899 led Guelph contingent, D Battery, Canadian Field Artillery, in the South African War; 1901 resumed studies in pathology at McGill; Governor’s Fellow in pathology and resident assistant pathologist, with research work at McGill and autopsy duties at Montreal General Hospital; 1902 resident pathologist at Montreal General; 1904 associate in medicine at Royal Victoria Hospital; 1905 set up his own practice; 1909 a major contributor’s to Osler’s Modern Medicine, a 10-volume textbook; 1910 served as expedition physician when the Governor General, Lord Grey, journeyed by canoe from Norway House on Lake Winnipeg to Hudson Bay; 1912 co-authored a textbook on pathology; 1914 appointed brigade-surgeon to the First Brigade of the Canadian Forces Artillery with the rank of Major; April 1915 in the trenches at the Second Battle of Ypres, and treated the effects of poison gas; wrote the poem In Flanders Fields in memory of the death of one of his close friends; first published in England’s Punch magazine December, 1915.
‘In Flanders fields the poppies blow/ Between the crosses, row on row,/ That mark our place; and in the sky/ The larks, still bravely singing, fly/ Scarce heard amid the guns below.
We are the Dead. Short days ago/ We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,/ Loved and were loved, and now we lie/ In Flanders fields.
Take up our quarrel with the foe:/ To you from failing hands we throw/ The torch; be yours to hold it high./ If ye break faith with us who die/ We shall not sleep, though poppies grow/ In Flanders fields.’
1916 Chief of Medical Services at No. 3 (McGill) Canadian General Hospital at Dannes-Cammiers in France; February 1916 moved to ruins of the Jesuit College at Boulogne; 1917 troubled by severe asthma attacks and bronchitis; January 1918 moved to Number 14 British General Hospital for Officers, where he died of pneumonia and meningitis; 1919 In Flanders Fields and Other Poems published posthumously; because of the poem’s popularity, the poppy was adopted as the Flower of Remembrance for the war dead of Britain, France, the US, Canada and other Commonwealth countries.Also Joseph Marshall d’Avray 1811-1928, 2nd Baron de Brett Maréchal
educator, born on this day at London, England, in 1811; dies in Fredericton Nov. 26, 1871. d’Avray was educated at the French royal court; 1848 first master of the Fredericton Normal School; 1854-58 superintendent of education; 1852 Professor of Modern Languages at King’s College, which became the University of New Brunswick in 1859.

Also Henry Birks 1840-1928
silversmith, born on this day in Montreal, Quebec in 1840; dies in Montreal April 16, 1928; founder of the Henry Birks and Sons jewellery chain, that flourished in family hands for five generations until the 1980s.

Also Maria Hannah Norris 1842-1919
Baptist missionary, born on this day at Canso, Nova Scotia, in 1842; died in Toronto Sept. 14, 1919. Norris determined to serve as a missionary in Burma in 1869; June 18, 1870, founded the first Canadian women’s missionary aid society, precursor of the Womens Baptist Missionary Union of the Maritimes.

Also Lemuel John Tweedie 1849-1917
lawyer, politician, was born on this day in 1849 at Chatham, New Brunswick; died there July 15, 1917. Tweedie served as New Brunswick’s Surveyor General and Provincial Secretary before becoming Liberal premier in 1900; 1907 Lieutenant Governor until 1912.

Also James Garfield ‘Jimmy’ Gardiner 1883-1962
teacher, farmer, politician, born on this day in Hibbert Township, Ontario, in 1883; dies in Lemberg, Saskatchewan, Jan. 02, 1962. Gardiner studied at Manitoba College; 1914 Saskatchewan MLA; 1922-26 Cabinet minister, 1926-29, 1934-35 Liberal Premier of Saskatchewan; 1935-57 federal Minister of Agriculture (a record length for any Canadian to hold a cabinet portfolio); established Prairie Farm Rehabilitation Administration to help drought-stricken farmers; 1940-41 Minister of National War Services; 1948 ran for Liberal leadership but lost to Louis St-Laurent.

Also Henry Taube 1915-
chemist, Nobel Laureate, was born on this day in 1915 at Neudorf, Saskatchewan. Taube studied under Spinks and Herzberg at the University of Saskatchewan, and did his PhD at the University of California in 1940. He has taught at Berkeley, Cornell and Stanford, and won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1983 for his work in providing the theoretical base for electron transfer in inorganic chemistry.

Also Mike LeClerc 1976-
NHL left winger, born on this day at Winnipeg, Manitoba in 1976. In first season with Anaheim Mighty Ducks.


In Other Events…
1995 Toronto Ontario – Walt Disney Co. says it will open animation studios in Toronto and Vancouver.
1993 Ottawa Ontario – Maureen McTeer’s Royal Commission on Reproductive Technologies issues its final report; calls for ban on cloning and on sale of fetal tissue.
1992 Montreal Quebec – Michael Ondaatje 1943- wins Governor-General’s Award for English Fiction for novel The English Patient; won Britain’s Booker Prize earlier.
1986 Vancouver BC – Al Bruno’s underdog CFL Hamilton Tiger Cats defeat Edmonton Eskimos 39-15 in 74th Grey Cup game.
1983 Ottawa Ontario – Close of the 1st Session of the 32nd Parliament, 1st Session; longest session on record, at 1326 days; 591 sitting days of the House of Commons, 329 sitting days of the Senate; from April 14, 1980.
1972 Yellowknife NWT – David Kootook found dead with other plane crash victims; he starved to death rather than eat human flesh of dead passengers.
1969 Montreal Quebec – Russ Jackson throws record four touchdowns as Frank Clair’s Ottawa Rough Riders beat Saskatchewan Roughriders 29-11 in 57th CFL Grey Cup game.
1968 Toronto Ontario – Frank Clair’s Ottawa Rough Riders beat Calgary Stampeders 24-21 in 56th CFL Grey Cup game.
1963 Vancouver British Columbia – Ralph Sazio’s Hamilton Tiger Cats beat BC Lions 21-10 in 51st CFL Grey Cup game.
1962 Cornwall Ontario – Chlorine gas escaping from railway tank car sends 100 residents of Cornwall to hospital.
1957 Toronto Ontario – Jim Trimble’s Hamilton Tiger Cats beat Winnipeg Blue Bombers 32-7 in 45th CFL Grey Cup game.
1946 Toronto Ontario – Toronto Argonauts beat Winnipeg Blue Bombers 28-6 in 34th Grey Cup game.
1945 Toronto Ontario – Toronto Argonauts beat Winnipeg Blue Bombers, 35-0 in 33rd Grey Cup game.
1942 Ottawa Ontario – Stanley Knowles 1908-1997 sworn in as MP for Winnipeg North Centre; CCF/NDP Member for total of 37 years, 4 months, 21 days; to 31 March 1958; then June 18, 1962, to July 09, 1984.
1942 Toronto Ontario – Toronto Hurricanes beat Winnipeg Bombers, 8-5 in 30th Grey Cup game.
1933 Montreal Quebec – Arthur William Currie dies; soldier, educator, born at Strathroy, Ontario, Dec. 05, 1875. Currie was appointed commander of the 2nd Canadian Infantry Brigade on Sept. 29, 1914, commander of the 1st Canadian Division on Sept, 13, 1915 and commander of the Canadian Corps on June 09, 1917; led Canada’s 100 days, beginning Aug 8 and lasting until 11 Nov 1918, the most successful of all Allied offensives during the war culminating in the victory at Vimy Ridge and the rout of the Germans eastward; served as Principal of McGill before his death.
1929 Hamilton Ontario – Hamilton Tigers beat Regina Roughriders 14-3 in 17th Grey Cup game.
1915 Ottawa Ontario – Canadian government publishes World War I casualties reported so far: 539 officers and 13,017 men killed in action.
1912 Hamilton Ontario – Hamilton Alerts beat Toronto Argonauts 11-4 in 4th Grey Cup game; before 4,337 fans.
1909 Ottawa Ontario – Canadian Northern Ontario Railway opens its line from Hawkesbury to Ottawa.
1869 Fort Dufferin Manitoba – William McDougall slips in to Red River Colony at night and reads the proclamation that officially declares the Hudson’s Bay Company territory’s annexation to Canada.
1847 Victoria BC – Modeste Demers 1809-1871 appointed first Roman Catholic Bishop of Vancouver Island.
1835 Toronto Ontario – Francis Bond Head 1793-1875 appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada; serves from Jan. 25, 1836 to March 23, 1838
1831 St. Andrew’s PEI – Opening of St. Andrew’s, first Catholic college in Atlantic Canada.
1824 Welland Ontario – Samuel Keefer starts construction of the Welland Canal, joining Lake Erie and Lake Ontario; engineer and President of the Welland Canal Company
1813 Astoria Oregon – William Black arrives off mouth of Columbia in 26-gun Royal Navy sloop ‘Raccoon’; renames the North West Company’s Fort Astoria Fort George.
1782 Paris France – US and Britain agree on preliminary peace terms to end American Revolutionary War.
1696 St. John’s, Newfoundland – Pierre Le Moyne d’Iberville 1661-1706 takes St. John’s with Bonaventure; troops loot and burn on the other side of the peninsula.
1629 England – Claude de Saint-Etienne de La Tour awarded baronetcy of Nova Scotia when he changes his allegiance to England; prisoner in England since 1628

Today in Canadian History is written, compiled, edited and produced by Ottawa Researchers © 1984-2002.

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