TODAY – DEC 01, 2010 IN CANADIAN HISTORY

On This Day

December 01

maple leaf Today's Canadian Headline...
1926 ONTARIO SCRAPS PROHIBITIONOntario – Ontario goes wet as voters decide on government control of sale of liquor; rather than prohibition.
1891

Also On This Day...

Springfield Massachusetts – James Naismith, a YMCA trainer from Almonte, Ontario, nails two peach buckets up on opposite ends of the Springfield College gym and instructs his students to toss soccer balls into them, thus inventing the game of basketball. He had been looking for a new indoor phys-ed activity for the winter season.

1869

Also On This Day...

Pembina Manitoba – William McDougall enters Manitoba and formally takes possession of the North West Territory for Canada; commissions John Stoughton Dennis to raise a police force. He had not yet been told that John A. Macdonald was refusing to pay the HBC until peaceful possession could be guaranteed. Meanwhile, at Fort Garry, the Metis National Committee draws up list of rights as condition for joining Canada; Metis to elect own legislature, English & French official languages.

1933

And in Today's Canadian Birthdays...

Alex Campbell 1933-
lawyer, politician,. was born on this day at Summerside PEI. In 1966 Campbell was elected Premier of PEI at age 33, a post he held until 1978, when he retired to the bench.
Also Jacob Mountain 1749-1825
first Anglican bishop of Quebec, born on this day at Thwaite Hall, Norfolk, England, in 1749; died at Quebec City June 16, 1825. Mountain studied at Cambridge; 1793 appointed bishop of the new diocese of Quebec; built 60 churches, including a stone cathedral in Quebec City; established 35 missions; built clergy from 9 to 60; obtained charter for McGill University; his son George was bishop of Montreal and third bishop of Quebec.

Also Armand de Charbonnel 1802-1891
Sulpician priest, born on this day near Monistrol-sur-Loire, France, in 1802; died at Crest, France, Mar. 29, 1891. Charbonnel entered the Society of St-Sulpice; 1839-47 priest in Montreal; 1850-60 Roman Catholic bishop of Toronto; fought for separate education for Catholics, and brought Basilian Fathers, Christian Brothers and Sisters of St Joseph to Toronto; established St Michael’s College; instituted the St Vincent de Paul Society and the Toronto Savings Bank; used funds from his noble estate in France to eliminate the diocesan debt and complete St Michael’s Cathedral.

Also Edmond-Joseph Massicotte 1875-1929
artist, illustrator, born on this day at Montreal in 1875; died at Sault-au-Récollet, Quebec, March 01, 1929. Massicotte produced images of French Canadian customs and traditions for periodicals such as Le Monde illustré and L’Almanach du peuple.

Also Buffalo Child Long Lance 1890-1932
writer, actor, impostor, was born Sylvester Long on this day at Winston-Salem, North Carolina, in 1890; died at Arcadia, California, March 20, 1932. Long Lance was of mixed Indian, white and possibly black ancestry; passing himself off as a Cherokee, Sylvester Long Lance, he was able to enter the Carlisle Indian School in Pennsylvania; fought in the Canadian Army in World War I; settled in Calgary and wrote for several newspapers; 1922 adopted by the Blood as Buffalo Child; 1928 published fictitious autobiography, Long Lance, about growing up as a Blackfoot on the plains; 1930 starred in film The Silent Enemy, a feature film about northern Canadian Indians before European contact; 1932 committed suicide when rumours of his true origins began circulating.

Also Stuart Sinclair Garson 1898-1977
lawyer, politician, premier of Manitoba, born on this day at St Catharines, Ontario, in 1898; died at Winnipeg May 05, 1977. Garson attended the Manitoba Law School; 1919-36 practised law at Ashern and Eriksdale; 1927-48 Liberal-Progressive MLA for Fairford; 1936-48 Provincial Treasurer; 1943-48 Premier; 1948-57 Liberal MP for Marquette; federal Minister of Justice and Attorney General.

Also Len Norris 1913-
cartoonist, born on this day at London, England, in 1913. Norris was editorial cartoonist for the Vancouver Sun from 1950 to 1978.

Also Allyn Ann McLerie 1926-
film and TV actress, born on this day at Grand-Mère, Quebec in 1926. For her credits, check out the Internet Movie Database.

Also George Bowring 1935-
writer, born on this day at Penticton BC, in 1935. Bowring served in the RCAF and studied at the University of British Columbia; taught in Calgary, London and Montreal before returning to Vancouver to teach at Simon Fraser University; 1964-74 founding editor of Imago; has published over 40 books of poetry, fiction and criticism; 1969 Governor General’s Award for Poetry: The Gangs of Kosmos; 1980 Governor General’s Award for Fiction: Burning Water, a novel about George Vancouver.

Also Sylvie Daigle 1962-
speed skater, born on this day at Sherbrooke, Quebec, the youngest of 5 daughters; started speed skating at age 8; studied physical education at l’Université de Sherbrooke, won Olympic medals at Calgary (gold medal in 1500 m; silver medals in the 1000 m and 3000 m), Albertville (gold medal in short track 3000m relay with Angela Cutrone, Eden Donatelli, Nathalie Lambert and Annie Perreault) and Lillehammer (silver medal in short track 3000m relay with Christine-Isabel Boudrias, Isabelle Charest, Angela Cutrone and Nathalie Lambert); presently studying medicine at l’Université de Montréal.

Also Sam Reid 1963-
keyboardist, songwriter, of Glass Tiger; originally called Tokyo the band toured Ontario the province for several years before changing their name to Glass Tiger and signing with Capitol; had #1 hit with ‘Don’t Forget Me (When I’m Gone)’ from their 1986 debut album The Thin Red Line; 1988 released Diamond Sun album; 1991 released last album, Simple Mission

In Other Events…
1996 Matapedia Quebec – Société des chemins de fer du Québec [Quebec Railway Corporation] starts operating the former CN line between Matapedia and Chandler; short line called the Chemin de fer Baie des Chaleurs, a wholly owned subsidiary.
1995 Ottawa Ontario – Government introduces employment insurance reform measures in the Commons.
1994 Montreal Quebec – Lucien Bouchard struck by flesh-eating bacteria; doctors will be forced to amputate his left leg.
1994 Montreal Quebec – Société des chemins de fer du Québec [Quebec Railway Corporation] starts operating the former CN line from Limoilou to Clermont.
1987 Toronto Ontario – Royal Bank buys 75% of Dominion Securities for $385 million.
1986 Ottawa Ontario – Supreme Court rules that Canada Post is not obligated to provide door-to-door delivery to every Canadian household.
1980 NWT – Founding of new northern TV network, broadcasting in Inuktitut to the eastern Arctic.
1970 Ottawa Ontario – Commons passes Public Order (Temporary Measures) Act to replace War Measures Act; continues outlawing of FLQ, lets police arrest without warrant.
1969 Montreal Quebec – FLQ terrorists set off bomb on the campus of McGill University.
1969 Canada – Police forces bring in breathalyzer testing to take blood alcohol levels of suspected impaired drivers.
1960 Detroit Michigan – Gordie Howe 1928- becomes National Hockey League’s leading scorer with 1,092 points; eventually surpassed by Wayne Gretzky.
1960 Havana Cuba – Castro government purchases Cuban assets of Bank of Nova Scotia.
1951 Toronto Ontario – Ontario opens new Toronto-Barrie highway for traffic; named Highway 400 the following year.
1943 Italy – The 1st Canadian Infantry Division starts to take control of the bridgehead on the Sangro River, Italy; will reach the Moro River by Dec. 04; British Eighth Army making one last attempt to break through into the Lombardy Plain before winter.
1941 Ottawa Ontario – Maximum Prices Regulations passed, to begin wage and price controls; based on the highest prices in the four weeks ending Oct. 11.
1939 Fredericton, Montreal Quebec – Group of 7,500 Canadian Army volunteers sails for England to serve in World War II.
1936 Fredericton, Vancouver BC – Completion of new Vancouver City Hall at 12th and Cambie.
1936 Fredericton, New Brunswick Ontario – The purple violet (Viola cuculata) becomes New Brunswick’s official flower after a vote by school children and the Womens Institutes.
1931 Ottawa Ontario – Ottawa branch of the Royal Mint starts operation as the Royal Canadian Mint, under the control of the Department of Finance, which acquired the buildings and land.
1930 Montreal Quebec – NHL drops 20 minute slashing-about-the-head penalty.
1922 New Brunswick – New Brunswick drivers switch to driving on the right-hand side of the road.
1920 Ottawa Ontario – Ottawa declares that no immigrant can enter Canada with less than $250; plus $125 per family.
1919 Ontario – Ambrose Small 1867-1919? sells his chain of theatres to Trans-Canada Theatres for $2 million; promptly disappears the following day; presumably he was murdered; no trace of Small has ever been found.
1903 Ottawa Ontario – Fire guts central building of the University of Ottawa.
1896 Parry Sound, Ontario – Ottawa, Arnprior and Parry Sound Railway opens line to Depot Harbour from Madawaska, completing link to Lake Huron.
1868 Ottawa Ontario – John Young, Baron Lisgar 1807-1876 appointed administrator of Canada; serves until Feb. 1, 1869; then Governor General.
1865 Toronto Ontario – The Globe newspaper publishes first authorized stock exchange lists on a regular basis.
1859 Toronto Ontario – John Sheridan Hogan robbed and murdered in the Don Valley by thieves known as the Brook’s Bush gang; founder of The United Empire weekly, and editor of The British Colonist newspaper; Reform member of the Assembly; his body found in the river March 30, 1861; gang member James Brown convicted and executed March 10, 1862, in Toronto’s last public hanging.
1855 Lévis Quebec – First train from Lévis to St-Thomas de Montmagny.
1854 Kingston Ontario – Post Office offers first money order service.
1844 Montreal Quebec – First Montreal municipal elections; divided into 9 wards, with a council of 21 members.
1841 Toronto Ontario – Alexander Davidson gets first Canadian copyright for ‘The Canadian Spelling Book’; published by Rowell.
1837 Montreal Quebec – Patriote leader Louis-Joseph Papineau declared a rebel; reward of £1,000 offered for his capture; he had fled to the US.
1775 Quebec Quebec – Quebec numbers 5,000 inhabitants on the eve of the American attack.
1757 Montreal Quebec – Famine in New France; people turn to eating horses.
1680 Canada – Halley’s Comet appears for three months; ‘The Great Comet’ visible until February.
1535 Quebec Quebec – Jacques Cartier’s men begin to experience the effects of scurvy, due to lack of vitamin C in their diet; the Iroquois will show them how to make cedar tea (’tisane d’anneda’) as a cure.


Today in Canadian History is written, compiled, edited and produced by Ottawa Researchers © 1984-2002.

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