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maple leaf Today's Canadian Headline...
1941 WAR WITH JAPANOttawa Ontario – Canada the first of the Western allies to declare war on Japan, Finland, Hungary, and Rumania; shortly after Japanese bomb US base at Pearl Harbour, Hawaii. US, Britain and other allied countries follow the next day.

Also On This Day...

Niagara Falls Ontario – Louis Hennepin 1626-c1705 first European to describe Niagara Falls; with Dominique La Motte de Lucière. Here is the engraving in his account of the discovery.


Also On This Day...

Toronto Ontario –
Upper Canada Governor Francis Bond Head 1793-1875 orders Lt. James Fitzgibbon 1780-1863 to march with Allan MacNab, 1000 loyalist volunteers and 500 militia to Montgomery’s Tavern 8 km north of Toronto; troops burn tavern, disperse rebels, capture rebel commander Anthony Van Egmond 1771-1838; William Lyon Mackenzie flees into exile in the US, effectively ending the rebellion in Upper Canada.


And in Today's Canadian Birthdays...

Robert Fowler 1906-1980
lawyer, executive, born at Peterborough, Ontario in 1906; died at Hawkesbury, Ontario, July 13, 1980. Fowler attended the University of Toronto and Osgoode Hall; President of the Canadian Pulp and Paper Association; 1955 headed the Royal Commission on Broadcasting; March 1957 tabled Report calling for a new regulatory authority to administer public and private broadcasting; 1965 headed new committee that led to the creation of the Canadian Radio-Television Commission.Also Acheson Gosford Irvine 1837-1916
soldier, mounted police officer, prison warden, born at Quebec City in 1916; died there Jan. 09, 1916. Irvine served with the Quebec Rifles on the Red River expedition of 1870; stayed in Manitoba in command of the Provisional Battalion of Rifles; 1975 joined the North West Mounted Police; 1876-80 NWMP Assistant Commissioner; 1880-86 third Commissioner; warned that harsh Indian settlement policy could lead to rebellion; 1885 led a column of police to Prince Albert during the North West Rebellion; 1886 resigned after criticism for inaction during the Rebellion; 1892-1913 warden of Stony Mountain Penitentiary; 1913-14 warden, Kingston Penitentiary.

Also Fred Rose 1907-1983
Communist organizer, politician, MP, born Fred Rosenberg at Lublin, Poland in 1907; died at Warsaw Mar. 16, 1983. Rose moved to Montreal with his parents; joined Young Communist League as organizer; 1929-30 arrested and sentenced to a year in jail for sedition; 1943 elected MP for Montreal-Cartier as a Labour Progressive; 1945 re-elected; 1946 arrested after Gouzenko revelations, sentenced to 6 years for communicating official secrets to a foreign power; Canada’s only elected Communist MP.

Also Duncan McNaughton 1910-
high jumper, born in Cornwall, Ontario, in 1910; raised in Kelowna and Vancouver, attended USC. McNaughton’s diving western roll technique disqualified him from the 1930 British Empire Games, but he was allowed to compete in the 1932 Olympic Games in Los Angeles, and won the High Jump Gold medal for Canada, clearing the bar at 6′ 5 5/8″; 1933 won the US Intercollegiate high jump title in Chicago, then retired.

Also Rod Cameron 1910-1982
TV/movie actor, stunt man, born Nathan Cox on this day at Calgary in 1910; dies Dec 21, 1982. Cameron played in over 75 B films from the 1940s, and starred on TV in City Detective, Coronado 9, and as State Trooper’s Trooper Rod Blake (1957).

Also Max Braithwaite 1911-1995
writer, humorist, born at Nokomis, Saskatchewan, in 1911; died at Brighton, Ontario, Mar. 19, 1995). Braithwaite grew up in Prince Albert and Saskatoon, and attended the University of Saskatchewan; 1933-40 rural school teacher during the Depression; 1940 joined Royal Canadian Navy; served with Royal Canadian Volunteer Services; 1945 started career as freelance writer, producing CBC radio and TV plays and scripts and writing books and magazine articles; works include Why Shoot the Teacher? (1965; filmed in 1977), Never Sleep Three in a Bed (1969), The Night We Stole the Mountie’s Car (1971, Leacock Medal), Max: The Best of Braithwaite (1983) and All the Way Home (1986).

Also Jean Carignan 1916-1988
virtuoso fiddler, born at Lévis, Quebec, in 1916; died at Montreal Feb. 16, 1988). Ti-Jean Carignan started playing the violin at age 4; earned a living played for dance bands and driving a taxi; 1956 started performing at concerts and folk festivals, and recording almost 100 albums; 1973 honoured by a gathering of 400 fiddlers from across North America; 1976 played concerto written for him by André Gagnon; 1979 performed on Yehudi Menuhin’s TV series, The Music of Man.

Also Margaret Carse 1916-
dancer, choreographer, educator, born at Edmonton in 1916. Carse studied ballet and performed in Toronto with the Canadian Ballet and the National Ballet of Canada; member of New York’s Radio City Music Hall ballet corps; 1954 retired due to injury, retrained as a teacher with Gweneth Lloyd, and returned home to teach and manage her amateur troupe, Dance Interlude; 1960 renamed the Edmonton Ballet; 1971 becomes Alberta Ballet Company; 1971 founding artistic director of the Alberta Ballet School; 1974-83 ABS Principal.

Also Thelma Chalifoux 1929-
Metis activist, consultant, born on this day at Calgary, Alberta. Chalifoux studied at the Southern Alberta Institute of Technology, and Lethbridge College; started her career working with the Company of Young Canadians; Chairwoman of the Metis National Council Senate and Vice-President of the Aboriginal Women’s Business Development Corporation and the Provincial Association of Friendship Centres; Member, RCMP K Division, Elders Advisory Committee; Nov. 26, 1997 appointed to the Senate by Jean Chrétien, the first Metis to hold a Senate seat.

Also Gerry Cheevers 1940-
NHL goaltender, coach, born on this day at St. Catharines, Ontario, in 1940; played 19 professional seasons, mostly with the Boston Bruins; Stanley Cup wins in 1970, 1972; rejoined the Bruins in 1976 after 3 1/2 seasons with Cleveland in the WHA; holds NHL record for longest undefeated streak [32 games]; retired at end of 1979-80 season because his knees had worn out; July, 1980 named coach of the Bruins; had a 204-126-46 record in his 4 1/2 seasons.


In Other Events…
1996 Montreal Quebec – Montigny Commission issues a report, ‘Reconnaissance et Interdépendance’, to the Quebec Liberal Party on the evolution of Canadian federalism .
1995 Victoria BC – British Columbia Assembly passes regulations for car makers to provide less polluting vehicles; first province in Canada.
1990 Montreal Quebec – Jean Duceppe dies at age 67; actor, father of Bloc quŽbŽcois leader Gilles Duceppe.
1990 Montreal Quebec – Jean-Paul Lemieux dies at age 86; painter.
1982 London England – Hugh Hambleton 1922- convicted of spying for Soviet Union in the 1950’s; Laval University professor.
1982 Vancouver BC – Harry Jerome 1940-1982 dies; track and field athlete, teacher, born at Prince Albert, Saskatchewan Sept. 30, 1940; won the 100 m bronze in the 1964 Tokyo Olympics, and the 100 m gold in the 1967 Pan-American Games; first man to hold both the world 100 yard and 100 metre records; first Canadian to hold a world track record.
1980 Montreal Quebec – Quebec Premier René Lévesque 1922-1987 tells a crowd of 14,000 at the Forum that Trudeau’s plan for unilateral patriation of the constitution is a ‘a coup d’etat by a dictator’.
1978 Ottawa Ontario – Edward Richard Schreyer 1935- appointed Governor General of Canada, assumes office on Jan. 22, 1979; until 1984.
1978 Montreal Quebec – Fire damages the Sacré-Coeur chapel in Notre-Dame church.
1977 Hartford Connecticut – Gordie Howe of the WHA New England Whalers scores his 1,000th professional goal in a game against the Birmingham Bulls.
1973 Korea – Atomic Energy of Canada sells $250 million CANDU nuclear reactor to South Korea.
1970 Ottawa Ontario – Royal Commission on the Status of Women issues 488-page report with 167 recommendations on day-care, equal pay for work of equal value, maternity leave, birth control, abortion on demand, pensions and family law; instituted by Lester Pearson Feb. 16, 1967, in response to a campaign led by Ontario activist Laura Sabia and a coalition of 32 women’s voluntary groups; chaired by journalist and broadcaster Florence Bird, with commissioners Jacques Henripin, professor of demography, John Humphrey, professor of law; Lola Lange, farmer and community activist; Jeanne Lapointe, professor of literature, Elsie Gregory MacGill, aeronautical engineer; and Doris Ogilvie, judge. RCSW held 6 months of public hearings across Canada, and heard 468 briefs.
1961 Montreal Quebec – Jean Béliveau appointed Captain of the NHL Canadiens.
1961 Tokyo Japan – Bank of Montreal opens branch in Tokyo; first Canadian bank in Japan.
1960 Ottawa Ontario – RCMP file first report to Justice Minister Davie Fulton on relations of Pierre Sevigny 1917- , Deputy Minister of National Defence, with Gerda Munsinger, an East German prostitute; affair a security risk; no other action taken; secret until March, 1966, when the affair comes out in the House of Commons and becomes a major scandal.
1953 Montreal Quebec – Mercantile Bank of Canada starts operations, with head offices in Montreal; first foreign-owned bank; subsidiary of first National City Bank of New York.
1944 Ottawa Ontario – William Lyon Mackenzie King 1874-1950 wins Commons’ vote of confidence in wake of conscription measure.
1941 Atlantic – Royal Canadian Navy corvette HMCS Windflower lost in a collision in the North Atlantic.
1940 Toronto Ontario – Ottawa Rough Riders win second game and 28th Grey Cup, beating Toronto Balmy Beach 12-5 in two game total points competition; the only two-game series ever played.
1935 Toronto Ontario – Winnipeg Blue Bombers, of the Western Interprovincial Football Union (WIFU) win the 23rd Grey Cup game; first western team to win the Grey Cup.
1918 Vancouver BC – Earthquake stops the Vancouver Block clock on Granville Street; the clock has only stopped a few times since it was built in 1912; in a June 23, 1946 earthquake, and on New Years Eve, 1952.
1907 Canada – Christmas seals first sold to help fight tuberculosis.
1900 Quebec – Napoléon Parent elected Premier of Quebec.
1899 Winnipeg Manitoba – Hugh John Macdonald, Sir John A. Macdonald’s son, leads Manitoba Conservative Party to provincial election victory.
1876 Charlottetown PEI – SS Northern Light starts first regular service from Prince Edward Island to the mainland.
1869 Winnipeg Manitoba – John Christian Schultz 1840-1896 captured with Charles Mair and Thomas Scott, a Canada Firster and Orangeman; leading a group of 45 Ontario settlers from Portage La Prairie on their way to take over Fort Garry; imprisoned by Louis Riel’s provisional government.
1863 Cape Cod, Massachusetts – Party of 16 Confederates hijack American coastal steamer Chesapeake and sail it to Saint John, NB, for refueling, then to Nova Scotian waters, where it is recaptured by the USS Dacotah and towed into Halifax harbour; US vice-consul charges Nova Scotians with violation of the Webster-Ashburton Treaty, but the Chesapeake Affair soon blows over.
1837 Montreal Quebec – Col. Charles Gore returns to Montreal with his British regulars after fighting Patriote rebels at St-Denis and St-Charles.
1833 Montreal Quebec – Journal ‘L’Abeille Canadienne’ first published in Montreal.
1827 Stellarton, Nova Scotia – Canada’s first steam engine starts operating on the Albion Railway at Stellarton.
1770 Churchill Manitoba – Samuel Hearne 1745-1792 sets out west from Fort Prince of Wales on Hudson Bay on his third expedition to find a passage, by river or sea, across the Barren Lands; with Chipewyan chief Matonabee c1737-1782; travel to Alcantara Lake, and then north to the Coppermine River; first European to see the Arctic Ocean.
1729 Toronto Ontario – Mississauga Indians sign treaty giving up title to 5 million hectares, including Norfolk, Wentworth and Haldimand counties.
1677 Quebec Quebec – Benediction and opening of the Quebec Seminary.
1649 Huronia Ontario – Jesuit priest Charles Garnier killed by Iroquois during attack on St-Jean mission; canonized by Pope Pius XI on June 29, 1930.

<!– “Be vigilant, patient and active – leave punishment to the Laws – our first object is, to arrest and secure all those who have been guilty of Rebellion, Murder and Robbery. And to aid us in this, a Reward is hereby offered of ONE THOUSAND POUNDS to anyone who will apprehend, and deliver up to Justice, WILLIAM LYON MACKENZIE; and FIVE HUNDRED POUNDS to anyone who will apprehend, and deliver up to Justice, DAVID GIBSON – or SAMUEL LOUNT – or JESSE LLOYD – or SILAS FLETCHER and the same reward and a free pardon will be given to any of their accomplices who will render this public service, except he or they shall have committed, in his own person, the crime of Murder or Arson.”
Sir Francis Bond Head
Dec 7, 1837

Today in Canadian History is written, compiled, edited and produced by Ottawa Researchers © 1984-2002.


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