TODAY – DEC 10, 2010 – IN CANADIAN HISTORY

On This Day

December 10

maple leaf Today's Canadian Headline...
1813 YANKEES TORCH TOWN OF NIAGARANiagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario – US Army Major McClure evacuates Fort George, crosses the Niagara River with American troops, but flees the next day at British approach, burning 149 houses, leaving 400 citizens of Newark (Niagara) homeless.
1985

Also On This Day...

Ottawa Ontario
Steve MacLean named Canada’s second astronaut;
Ottawa native.

1928

And in Today's Canadian Birthdays...

John Colicos 1928-
stage/film/TV actor, was born on this day at Toronto in 1928. Colicos started work with the Montreal Repertory Theatre, and played with the Old Vic in London, with Orson Welles in New York, and with the US Stratford Festival before moving to Stratford, Ontario in 1961. In 1971 he played Thomas Cromwell in the film Anne of a Thousand Days, and in 1975 acted the role of Canadian Pacific President Van Horne in the CBC production of Pierre Berton’s National Dream. TV fans know him as Battlestar Galactica’s Count Baltar, General Hospital’s madman freezeman Mikkos Cassadine, and as Klingon Commander Kor in Star Trek Deep Space Nine – autographed fan club pictures available. For more on his career, check out the Internet Movie Database.Also Jacques-René de Brisay, Marquis de Denonville 1637-1710
soldier, governor, was born on this day at Denonville, France, in 1637; died there Sept. 22, 1710. Denonville was appointed Governor General of New France in 1685; arrived at Quebec Aug. 01 during attacks by the Iroquois, backed by the English; 1686 sent de Troyes overland to attack Hudson’s Bay Company posts on James Bay; 1687 led punitive expedition against the Seneca north of New York, burning villages and crops and sending Iroquois prisoners to France to serve as galley slaves; 1689 abandoned and destroyed Fort Frontenac after Iroquois Five Nations attacked Lachine; recalled for military service in Europe.

Also Charles Le Moyne, Baron de Longueuil 1656-1729
politician, was born on this day at Montreal in 1656, the eldest son of Charles Le Moyne, Sr.; died there June 07, 1729. Le Moyne de Longueuil was the only native-born Canadian to enter the nobility (1700); served as Governor of Trois-Rivières and Montreal; 1725; interim administrator of New France.

Also Claude-Thomas Dupuy 1678-1738
lawyer, colonial administrator, was born on this day at Paris, France, in 1678; died at Rennes, France, Sept. 15, 1738. Dupuy became a lawyer in the Parlement de Paris; 1720 purchased the office of Maître des requêtes; 1725 appointed Intendent of New France; Sept. 1726 arrived at Quebec; quarreled with Governor Beauharnois and the clergy until his recall in 1728.

Also William von Moll Berczy 1744-1813
painter, architect, land agent, was baptised Johann Albrecht Ulrich Moll on this day at Wallerstein, Germany, in 1744; died at New York City Feb. 05, 1813. Berczy grew up in Vienna, studied in Italy and began painting in England; 1792 led a party of colonists to New York; 1794 moved to Markham, Ontario; 1805 started painting portraits for a living in Toronto and later Montreal; 1803 designed Christ Church, Montreal; works include portraits of Joseph Brant (1805) and The Woolsey Family (1808-09).

Also Eugene O’Keefe 1827-1913
brewer, banker, was born on this day at Bandon, Ireland, in 1827; died at Toronto Oct. 01, 1913. O’Keefe came to Canada in 1832; 1846 hired as junior accountant by Toronto Savings Bank; 1861 founded Victoria Brewery; 1862 acquired Hannath and Hart Brewery; 1880s imported refrigeration technology from the US to brew lager; 1891 incorporated as the O’Keefe Brewing Co Ltd.; 1911 sold out to Henry Pellatt, William Mulock and Charles Miller; 1934 company acquired by E.P. Taylor and folded into his Canadian Breweries.

Also Joseph-David-Rodolphe Forget 1861-1919
investor, broker, politician, was born on this day at Terrebonne, Quebec, in 1861; died at Montreal Feb. 19, 1919. Forget joined the brokerage firm of his uncle Louis-Joseph; active in Montreal Street Railway (later Montreal Tramways); Richelieu and Ontario Navigation; Montreal Light, Heat and Power, and, Canada Cement; 1907 moved to Quebec City to develop the Quebec Railway, Light and Power; 1908-11 Chairman of the Montreal Stock Exchange; 1904-17 Conservative MP.

Also Byron Johnson 1890-1964
businessman, politician, was born on this day at Victoria, BC, in 1890; died there Jan. 12, 1964. Johnson served in World War I, then started a building supply company in Victoria; 1933 Liberal MLA for Victoria; 1937 defeated; 1939 built RCAF airports in BC during World War II; 1945 elected Coalition (Liberal) MLA for New Westminster; 1947 succeeded John Hart as BC Premier to 1952 when the coalition unraveled.

Also Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis 1891-1969
soldier, diplomat, was born on this day at London, England, in 1891; died at Slough, England, June 16, 1969. Alexander served in the Irish Guards during World War I; 1937 the youngest major-general in the British army; 1940 led British 1st Division in France in 1940 and rearguard at Dunkirk; 1942 directed the British-Chinese army’s retreat from Burma during the Japanese invasion; 1942 senior British Army commander in the Mediterranean; 1946 appointed Governor General of Canada; 1952 Minister of Defence in the Churchill government, to 1954.

Also Harold Wright 1908-
track athlete, sport manager, was born on this day in 1908. Wright competed for Canada in the 1932 Summer Olympics, reaching the semi-final in the 100m and 200m track sprints; 1969-1977 President of the Canadian Olympic Association; served on organizing committee of the 1976 Montreal Summer Olympics in Montreal; 1970 helped found the Olympic Trust to help fund Canada’s Olympic athletes.

Also Charlie Conacher 1909-1966
hockey player, was born on this day in 1915 at Toronto, the younger brother of Lionel Conacher; died in Toronto Dec 31, 1966. Conacher played with the junior Toronto Marlboros in 1928-29, then went directly to the Maple Leafs, where he was right winger on the famous Kid Line with Joe Primeau and Busher Jackson. He was traded to Detroit in 1938, and finished his career with the New York Americans. He played 13 seasons in the NHL, and scored 225 goals, with 173 assists in regular season play. He led the league in goal scoring four times in the early to mid-1930s, and was three times an all-star. From 1947 to 1950 he coached the Chicago Black Hawks.

Also Michael Snow 1929-
painter, sculptor, film maker, musician, was born on this day at Toronto in 1929. Snow studied at Upper Canada College; 1948-52 attended the Ontario College of Art and started to play music with a group; 1953-54 spent 18 months travelling in Europe; 1956 first solo exhibition at the Isaacs Gallery; 1964-72 lived in a loft in Soho, New York, created his ‘Walking Women’ series, featured as an 11-part sculpture for the Ontario Pavilion at Expo 67; 1967 made an underground art film, Wavelength; 1972 returned to Toronto; other films include La Région centrale (1971), Rameau’s Nephew by Diderot (Thanx to Dennis Young) by Wilma Schoen (1974), and Presents (1981); known for Flight Stop, his fiberglass flying geese in Toronto’s Eaton Centre, and ‘The Audience’ -14 large figures of sports fans, beside SkyDome; 1994 hoisted The Michael Snow Project, a 40 year retrospective, at the Art Gallery of Ontario and the Power Plant.

Also Pierre Nadeau 1936-
broadcaster, was born on this day at Montreal in 1936. Nadeau started his career at radio station CJBR in Rimouski, then for the ORTF in Paris, France, then Radio-Canada; 1962-70 host of Caméra; 1965-68 Radio-Canada foreign correspondent in Paris; 1968-75 worked on SRC/CBC shows Le monde maintenant, Le téléjournal; Week-end; Le 60; 1977-79 Téjléjmag; 1980 Les lundis de Pierre Nadeau; 1982-84 Pierre Nadeau rencontre; L’Observateur; 1983-86 Déjà vingt ans; 1984 co-animateur du magazine Le Point; 1988 Sept jours (co-producteur, TVA); 1989 Ferland-Nadeau en vacances (talk-show); 1991 Ferland-Nadeau en direct; 1991 L’Événement (TVA.).

Also Mark McKoy 1961-
track athlete, was born on this day at Georgetown, Guyana, in 1961. McKoy moved to Toronto as a young man; 1981 won first of eight consecutive national championships in the 110 m hurdles; 1984 ranked in the top three in the world, but finished 4th at the Los Angeles Olympics; 1986 gold medal in the Commonwealth Games 110 m hurdles and as a member of the 4×100 m relay team; 1987 out of the medals at the World Track and Field Championships; 1988 finished 7th at the Seoul Olympics, and left abruptly after Ben Johnson’s positive drug test, refusing to participate in the relay, which resulted in a two-year suspension; testified at Dubin Inquiry that he had briefly experimented with steroids; 1991 returned to competition, finishing 4th at the 1991 World Championships; 1992 won gold medal in the 110 m hurdles at the Barcelona Olympics; first track and field gold for Canada in 60 years.

Also Rob Blake 1969-
NHL defenseman, was born on this day at Simcoe, Ontario, in 1969. Blake was selected by the Los Angeles Kings in the fourth round (70th pick overall) of the 1988 NHL Entry Draft; 1991 NHL all-rookie team; 1994 played in NHL all-star game; 1998 won Norris Trophy; finalist for Masterton Trophy; led NHL defensemen in goals; led team in power-play goals and shots.

In Other Events…
1995 Calgary Alberta – Alberta Energy Co, Ltd. acquires Conwest Exploration Co. Ltd. in $1-billion deal that creates one of Canada’s largest oil and gas producers.
1992 Halifax, Nova Scotia – Westray Mine disaster prosecution drops 34 of 52 safety charges to avoid prejudicing RCMP criminal investigation.
1991 Ottawa Ontario – Defense Department says Gulf War cost Canada $690 million; below $1 billion anticipated.
1990 Beauséjour New Brunswick – Jean Chrétien 1934- wins federal by-election in Beauséjour; unopposed by Tories; gets a Commons seat for the first time since 1986; in a riding vacated by Fernand Robichaud.
1987 Montreal Quebec – First death from eating tainted mussels in Montreal.
1986 Stockholm Sweden – John Polanyi receives Nobel Prize in Physics from the King of Sweden.
1985 Ottawa Ontario – Supreme Court of Canada upholds firing of public servant Neil Fraser for criticizing the government’s metric conversion policies.
1984 Montreal Quebec – Expos trade Gary Carter to the New York Mets.
1984 New York City – Brian Mulroney 1939- tells New York financiers, ‘Canada is open for business again’; referring to end of Foreign Investment review Agency.
1982 Montego Bay, JamaicaCanada signs United Nations Law of the Sea Convention, along with 118 other UN countries; Canada’s 200 mile (325 km) offshore economic zone recognized; Britain and the United States do not sign, arguing that the treaty had not addressed their concerns about national seabed mining; in 1994 they sign an amendment to Part XI, setting up the International Seabed Authority (ISA), to administer the seabed mining regime set forth in the Convention/Agreement.
1976 Quebec – Henry Morgentaler 1923- Quebec drops all charges against him, ending controversial legal case.
1968 Montreal Quebec – Charles Lavern Beasley jailed for six years for hijacking Toronto-bound flight from Moncton to Cuba.
1963 Inuvik NWT – Opening of Canada’s first permanent research laboratory north of Arctic Circle at Inuvik.
1954 Canso Nova Scotia – Opening of 1,280 metre Canso Causeway; links Cape Breton Island to Nova Scotia mainland; the deepest causeway in the world.
1951 Korea – Company of Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry carry out raid behind Hill 277, while the Royal Canadian Regiment sends a 35 man fighting patrol against Hill 166; both patrols reach their objectives and bring back useful information on enemy defences.
1949 Ottawa Ontario – Royal Assent given to Supreme Court Act amendment, giving final authority in judicial matters to the Supreme Court of Canada; end of appeals to the British Privy Council.
1948 United Nations, New York – United Nations General Assembly adopts Universal Declaration of Human Rights; Canada a signatory; proclaims a ‘common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms’.
1946 Ottawa Ontario – Douglas C. Abbott replaces Ilsley as Minister of Finance; until June 30, 1954; replaced by Walter Harris.
1944 Lamone River Italy – Canadian Army troops storm the Lamone River defences in Italy.
1942 Ottawa Ontario – Government cuts output of spirits by 30%, wine 20% and beer 10% under wartime powers; some opposition, to the cry of ‘No Beer, No Bonds’.
1941 Ottawa Ontario – Louis Stephen St. Laurent 1882-1973 sworn in as Minister of Justice, succeeding Ernest Lapointe.
1938 Toronto Ontario – Toronto Argonauts beat Winnipeg Blue Bombers, 30-7, to win 26th Grey Cup game.
1928 Calgary Alberta – Western Airways Fokker leaves Calgary’s civic airport for Regina, Saskatchewan this morning, with 10 bags of letters and Christmas packages; Canada’s first use of airplanes for daily mail delivery; test of proposed national airmail service.
1918 Ottawa Ontario – Government authorizes issue of $50 million of $5 War Savings Stamps.
1917 Belleville Ontario – Mackenzie Bowell 1823-1917 dies at age 93; Canada’s 5th Prime Minister (1894-96) born at Rickinghall, England Dec. 27, 1823; editor and owner of the Belleville Intelligencer newspaper and Orange Order stalwart; 1867-1892 Conservative MP North Hastings; 1892-1906 led the Opposition in the Senate.
1914 Montreal Quebec – Mobilization of the Montreal Machine Gun Corps, for service in World War I.
1913 Montreal Quebec – Canadian Northern Railroad finishes building tunnel under Mount Royal.
1904 Montreal Quebec – Earl Grey sworn in as Governor General at Rideau Hall.
1903 Calgary Alberta – Convicted murderer Ernest Cashel escapes from jail; robbed and killed a rancher, and was to hang on Dec. 15; captured in Shaganappi, a camp on the western outskirts of Calgary on Jan. 24, 1904, after 2 month long manhunt; hanged Feb. 02, 1904.
1900 Montreal Quebec – Archbishop Bégin intervenes to end Quebec Shoe Workers’ lockout, since Oct. 27; first direct intervention in a labour conflict by QuŽbec Catholic clergy and first step toward the creation of Catholic unions.
1869 Ottawa Ontario – Donald Smith, later Lord Strathcona 1820-1914 appointed Special Commissioner to secure peaceful transfer of Red River to Canada.
1858 Kingston Ontario – Province of Canada issues Letters Patent, making legal tender the silver 5¢, 10¢, and 25¢ pieces, and copper cent.
1838 Beauharnois Quebec – Canadian militia chase 400 Chasseur raiders out of village of Beauharnois to end second rebellion.
1837 Montreal Quebec – British troops sent to St-Martin to guard the bridge leading to St-Eustache and St-Benoît against Patriote rebels.


Today in Canadian History is written, compiled, edited and produced by Ottawa Researchers © 1984-2002.

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