On This Day

December 13

maple leaf Today's Canadian Headline...
1990 GST GOES THROUGH AFTER 6 MONTH FILIBUSTEROttawa Ontario – The Senate passes the 7% Goods and Services Tax 55-49; replaces old Manufacturers Tax which penalized Canadian goods.

Also On This Day...

Ottawa Ontario – Joe Clark 1939- loses a 139-133 vote of non-confidence in the House, during debate on John Crosbie’s ‘no pain, no gain’ budget, after displeasing the Créditistes whose support they needed; Clark Prime Minister of the minority government since June; calls election for Feb. 18, 1980.


And in Today's Canadian Birthdays...

Emily Carr 1871-1945
painter, writer, born on this day at Victoria BC in 1871; died there March 2, 1945. Carr was orphaned in her teens; 1891 studied art at the California School of Design in San Francisco; 1899-04 to England. 1910-11 to France; influenced by European impressionism, Fauvism, and cubism; 1911 returned to Victoria to paint, supporting herself by teaching art and running a boarding house, spent summers on the Queen Charlottes, grafting her own postimpressionist style onto native culture and coastal landscapes, with swirling forms and intense greens. blues and browns; 1927 invited to exhibit at the National Gallery of Canada; inspired by members of the Group of Seven painters; wrote a trilogy of memoirs: Klee Wyck (1941) about her contacts with Aboriginal culture, The Book of Small (1942) on her childhood in Victoria and The House of All Sorts (1944) about her career as a landlady; also Growing Pains (1946) an account of her entire life. Her journal, Hundreds and Thousands (1966) was published after her death. Find out more at the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, or the Carr House in Victoria.


And in Other Canadian Birthdays...

Christopher Plummer 1927-
stage, screen and TV actor, born Arthur Christopher Orme on this day at Toronto in 1927. Plummer apprenticed with the Montreal Repertory Theatre and started his professional career in 1948 with the Ottawa Stage Society and its successor, the Canadian Repertory Theatre; 1955 played Marc Antony in the American Shakespeare Festival’s inaugural season; acted in New York, London, Stratford-upon-Avon and Chichester; 1956-67 starred at Canada’s Stratford Festival; popularly known for his roles in over 80 movies, including Stage Struck (1958), The Sound of Music (1965 – that’s him in the picture, as Baron von Trapp), Inside Daisy Clover (1966), Oedipus the King (1967), Lock Up Your Daughters! (1968), Waterloo (1970), The Man Who Would Be King (1975), The Return of the Pink Panther (1975), The Silent Partner (1978), Murder By Decree (Genie Award, 1979), Dreamscape (1984), The Boy in Blue (1986), Stage Fright (1988), Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country (1991), Wolf (1994), and others you can peruse on the Internet Movie Database. He is the father, with Tammy Grimes, of actress Amanda Plummer.Also Joseph Howe 1804-1873
politician, newspaper publisher, was born on this day in 1915 at Halifax, Nova Scotia; died in Halifax June 1, 1873. Howe took over publishing the Novascotian in 1828; 1835 acquitted of charges of criminal libel for criticizing government officials; 1836 entered politics as a Reformer; 1848 helped secure responsible, or cabinet, government; 1854 Chief Commissioner of the Nova Scotia Railway; 1860-63 Premier of Nova Scotia; 1863-66 Imperial Fishery Commissioner; 1866-68 he led the movement against Confederation until the province could get better terms; Jan 1869 entered the federal Cabinet and played a prominent role in bringing Manitoba into the union; 1873 Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia.

Also Chester Ronning 1894-1984
teacher, diplomat, was born on this day in 1894 at Xiangfan, China; died at Camrose, Alberta, Dec. 31, 1984, Ronning served in the Royal Flying Corps (1918), then studied at the universities of Alberta and Minnesota; 1922-27 returned to China as a teacher; 1927-42 Principal of Camrose Lutheran College; 1932 MLA in the United Farmers of Alberta government; active in the CCF; 1942-45 ran RCAF intelligence unit; 1945 entered the Department of External Affairs, 1945-51 in China; 1951-54 in Ottawa; 1954 member of the conference on Korea in Geneva; 1954-57 Ambassador to Norway; 1957-64 High Commissioner to India; 1961-62 member of the conference on Laos; 1965, 1966 sent on missions to Hanoi to mediate in the Vietnam War.

Also William Lewis (W.L.) Morton 1908-1980
historian, professor, was born on this day in 1908 at Gladstone, Manitoba; died at Medicine Hat, Alberta, Dec. 07, 1980. Morton studied at the universities of Manitoba and Oxford; professor of history at Manitoba and Trent universities; works include The Progressive Party in Canada (1950 – Governor General’s Award for Nonfiction); Manitoba: A History (1957), The Canadian Identity (1961), and The Critical Years (1964) a volume in the Canadian Centenary Series, of which he was executive editor with Donald Creighton.

Also Nick Weslock 1918-
golfer, was born on this day at Winnipeg in 1918. Weslock took his first tournament victory in 1939 at the Southern Ontario amateur; had 405 tournament wins including 4 national, 8 Ontario amateurs, 7 Ontario Opens and 11 Ontario seniors titles; leading amateur in the Canadian Open 16 times; played at the US masters four times.

Also Ron Taylor 1937-
baseball pitcher, born on this day in 1937. Taylor won two World Series rings as a reliever – in 1969 with the New York Mets and in 1964 with the St. Louis Cardinals; his post season ERA is 0.00; served as team physician to the Toronto Blue Jays during their two World Series wins; 1980 helped establish the S.C. Cooper Family Sports Medicine Clinic at Mount Sinai Hospital in Toronto.

Also Ken Mitchell 1940-
writer, actor, teacher, was born on this day in 1940 at Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan. Mitchell studied at the University of Saskatchewan in Regina; started writing stories and radio plays for the CBC; 1967 MA, joined English department; 1969 helped found the Saskatchewan Writers’ Guild; 1977 edited anthology Horizon: Writings of the Canadian Prairie; 1980 screenplay for The Hounds of Notre Dame; fiction includes the stories Everybody Gets Something Here (1977), and the novels Wandering Rafferty (1972), The Meadowlark Connection: A Saskatchewan Thriller (1975), The Con Man (1979); plays include The Medicine Line (1976), The Shipbuilder (1979), Tommy (1986), Davin: The Politician (1979), Cruel Tears (1977) and Gone the Burning Sun (1985), a one-man show based on the life of Norman Bethune.

Also Ferguson Jenkins 1943-
major league baseball right-hander, was born on this day in 1943 at Chatham, Ontario. Jenkins’ best years were spent with the Chicago Cubs where he had six consecutive 20-game winning seasons from 1967 to 1972. He was the first pitcher to reach 3000 strikeouts with less than 1000 walks. He won 284 games. pitched 4499.2 innings, and had 3192 strikeouts (the 9th highest of all time). In 1971 he won the Cy Young award, and he was one of only four pitchers to have won 100 games in both major leagues – for Philadelphia (National League) 1965-1966, Chicago (National League) 1966-1973, Texas (American League) 1974-1975, Boston (American League) 1976-1977, Texas (American League) 1978-1981 and Chicago (National League) 1982-1983. He was the first Canadian inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown New York.

Also Bob Gainey 1953-
hockey player, was born on this day in 1953 at Peterborough, Ontario. Gainey played for 16 years with the Montreal Canadiens (Captain 1981-89) and was on 5 Stanley Cup winning teams. He won the Frank J. Selke Trophy for the NHL’s top defensive forward in its first 4 years of existence. In 1979 won the Conn Smythe Trophy as the most valuable performer in the playoffs. Soviet National coach Viktor Tikonov said that Gainey was the world’s best technical player.

Also Marie-Odile Raymond 1973-
cross-country skier, was born on this day in 1973 at Ottawa. Raymond beat out 40 other women to qualify for the fifth and final spot on the 1998 Canadian Olympic team at Nagano; came 62nd in the 15 km race.


In Other Events…
1995 Ottawa Ontario – Lucien Bouchard resigns his seat in the House of Commons and his Bloc québécois leadership to run for the leadership of the Parti québécois.
1995 Montreal Quebec – New Montreal Forum named the Centre Molson.
1993 Ottawa Ontario – Kim Campbell 1947- resigns as leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada, six months to the day after she won the leadership to succeed Brian Mulroney; led the Tories to an electoral disaster, reducing the Party to only two seats in the Commons; later appointed Canada’s Consul General in Los Angeles; the MP for Vancouver Centre was Prime Minister June 15, 1993 to Nov. 04, 1993; will be replaced as leader by Jean Charest.
1993 Quebec Quebec – Yellow birch chosen as provincial tree of Quebec.
1992 Saint John, New Brunswick – Kenneth Colin (‘K.C.’) Irving 1899-1992 dies; industrialist born at Buctouche Mar. 14, 1899. Irving studied at Dalhousie and Acadia universities; served in the Royal Flying Corps in World War I; 1938 acquired Canada Veneers, which became the world’s largest supplier of aircraft plywood; moved into pulp and paper, oil refining, shipping, publishing and broadcasting interests; 1971 settled in Bermuda for tax purposes.
1988 Quebec Quebec – NHL Quebec Nordiques fire head coach Guy Lapointe.
1983 Edmonton Alberta – Oiler Wayne Gretzky scores his 300th NHL goal.
1979 Ottawa Ontario – Supreme Court of Canada unanimously strikes down Quebec and Manitoba laws which created unconstitutional unilingual courts and legislatures; also declares three chapters of Bill 101 unconstitutional; Quebec responds by bringing in 311 new bilingual laws, replacing laws passed in French only.
1976 Canada – International Commission for the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries accepts Canada’s 370 km (200 nautical mile) limit.
1968 Quebec Quebec – Quebec abolishes Legislative Council, changes name of Legislative Assembly to National Assembly; effective Dec. 31.
1968 Montreal Quebec – FLQ terrorists explode another bomb in Westmount.
1963 Montreal Quebec – FLQ member Mario Bachand sentenced to four years in prison for his part in May 17 bomb explosion.
1949 Quebec Quebec – Jean Béliveau joins the Quebec Citadelles junior hockey team; later Canadiens star.
1947 New York City – Rangers GM Frank Boucher says face masks for goaltenders will become standard equipment in the NHL, after one of his goalies fractures a cheekbone; detractors say dressing rooms will become salons for sissies; Canadien Jacques Plante the first pro goalie to wear a face mask in Nov. 1959.
1945 Windsor Ontario – Justice Ivan Rand of the Supreme Court of Canada gets Ford Motor Company and 17 000 United Auto Workers, on strike since Sept. 12, to agree to binding arbitration, and end their strike Dec. 20; issues the ‘Rand Formula’ on Jan 29, 1946, denying the UAW’s demand for a union shop, and making the union liable to penalties payable from union dues in the event of an illegal strike, but provides for compulsory checkoff of union dues for all employees whether they are union members or not.
1941 Hong Kong – British Governor rejects Japanese demand for the surrender of Hong Kong; defence of the Island organized into a West Brigade, commanded by Brigadier J.K. Lawson, and including The Winnipeg Grenadiers; and an East Brigade, under Brigadier C. Wallis, including The Royal Rifles of Canada; General Maltby deploys both Canadian units to defend the southern beaches against a seaborne attack, as heavy Japanese artillery fire and air raids begin.
1927 Montreal Quebec – L’Université de Montréal becomes a self-governing body separate from Laval.
1905 Saskatchewan – Walter Scott leads the Liberal Party to victory in the first provincial election, winning 17 out of 25 seats; former NWT Premier F. W. G. Haultain leader of the opposition Provincial Rights Party.
1898 Montreal Quebec – First passenger train runs over newly reconstructed Victoria Railway Bridge, Montreal; original 1859 tube replaced by a double track steel bridge.
1894 St. John’s, Newfoundland – Daniel Joseph Greene 1850-1911 sworn in as Liberal Prime Minister of Newfoundland replacing Conservative Augustus Goodridge, after corrupt 1893 elections, and the Dec. 10 collapse of 2 major Newfoundland financial institutions; passed the Disabilities Removal Act, that let candidates disqualified because of election irregularities seek re-election; this lets William Whiteway get back into the House, and resume the premiership on Greene’s resignation Feb. 08, 1895.
1893 PEI – Prince Edward Island votes for prohibition of alcoholic beverages.
1883 Ottawa Ontario – Border fixed between Ontario and Manitoba.
1849 Toronto Ontario – George Brown 1818-1880 popularizes the term ‘Clear Grit’ in the Toronto ‘Globe’; originally named by party founder Peter Perry; Clear Grits were radical Canada West Reformers opposed to the policies of Baldwin & LaFontaine.
1837 Montreal Quebec – John Colborne, Baron Seaton 1778-1863 sets out toward St-Eustache with 2,000 British Army regulars in two brigades commanded by Wetherall and Maitland.
1837 Buffalo New York – William Lyon Mackenzie 1795-1861 sets up a provisional government and proclaims a Canadian Republic on Navy Island in the Niagara River; disgusted by a lack of support, he leaves Jan. 14, 1838 and settles in New York City.
1786 Montreal Quebec – Gregory & McLeod merge with the North West Company on 20-share basis.
1783 Halifax Nova Scotia – Rough census shows 30,000 United Empire Loyalists now living in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.
1665 Quebec Quebec – Alexandre de Prouville, Marquis de Tracy c1596-1670 makes a temporary peace with Iroquois.

Today in Canadian History is written, compiled, edited and produced by Ottawa Researchers © 1984-2002.

All Rights Reserved.

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