TODAY – DEC 25, 2010 – IN CANADIAN HISTORY

On This Day

December 25

maple leaf Today's Canadian Headline...
1855 BRITISH RIFLEMEN INVENT GAME OF ICE HOCKEY?Kingston Ontario – Soldiers of the Royal Canadian Rifles at the Tête du Pont barracks clear ice from Lake Ontario and use field hockey sticks and lacrosse balls to play first game of ice hockey; there are also Montreal claims of March 1875 and 1880, and there is proof that the Irish game of hurley, a form of field hockey, was played on ice at King’s College, Windsor, Nova Scotia, in the early 1800s. Old Dutch paintings also show youths hitting balls with sticks on frozen canals.
1535

Also On This Day...

Quebec Quebec – Jacques Cartier and his crew celebrate Canada’s first recorded Christmas at Stadacona. The picture shows the Iroquois teaching them how to make a cedar tea (’tisane d’anneda’) to ward off scurvy, a Vitamin C deficiency.

1874

And in Today's Canadian Birthdays...

Gerhard Herzberg 1904-
physicist, Nobel Laureate, born on this day at Hamburg, Germany. Herzberg earned his doctorate in engineering at Darmstadt Technical University; 1935 fled Nazi Germany; 1935-45 taught at the University of Saskatchewan; 1945 worked at Yerkes Observatory, Chicago; 1948 joined staff of the National Research Council; 1949-69 NRC Director of Physics; NRC Distinguished Research Officer; won the 1971 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his mapping by molecular spectroscopy of the electronic structure and geometry of molecules, especially free radicals – short lived groups of atoms that contain odd numbers of electrons.Also Isabella Valancy Crawford 1850-1887
poet, was born on this day in 1850 at Dublin, Ireland; died in Toronto Feb. 12, 1887. Crawford came to Canada with her family in about 1847; 1869 moved to Peterborough; 1875 on her physician father’s death, started publishing popular verse and serialized novels and novellas in New York and Toronto publications; 1883-87 moved with her family to Toronto, where they lived in boarding houses; 1884 published Old Spookses’ Pass, Malcolm’s Katie, and other poems; 1905 J.W. Garvin’s The Collected Poems of Isabella Valancy Crawford published posthumously; first important woman poet in Canada, and specialized in vivid descriptions of the Canadian landscape.

Also Lila Bell Acheson Wallace 1889-1984
philanthropist, publisher, editor, was born on this day in 1889 at Virden, Manitoba; died at Mount Kisco, New York May 8, 1984. Wallace founded the immensely popular Readers Digest magazine with husband Dewitt Wallace.

Also Alex Thomas 1891-1971
writer, Nootka leader, born on this day at Port Alberni, BC, in 1891; died there July 28, 1971. Thomas worked as translator for his grandfather, a field consultant of Edward Sapir from 1910-14; 1914 wrote up the Nootka literature.

Also Harry Hays 1909-1982
cattle breeder, politician, born on this day at Carstairs, Alberta, in 1909; died at Ottawa May 04, 1982. Hays originated the Hays Converter breed of beef cattle; 1959-63 Mayor of Calgary; 1963-65 Minister of Agriculture; instituted the Saskatoon Veterinary College and the Canadian Dairy Commission; 1966-82 Senator, and co-chairman of the Special Joint Committee of the Senate and of the House of Commons on the Constitution.

Also Jon Kimura Parker 1959-
pianist, born on this day at Burnaby, BC, in 1959. Parker made his debut at age 5 with the Vancouver Youth Orchestra; earned Masters degree at age 21 from New York’s Juilliard School; 1984 won Leeds International Piano Competition; 198g first major recording Tchaikovsky’s B6 minor piano concerto and Prokofiev’s Concerto No 3 for Piano, with André Previn and the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra.

Also Stu Barnes 1970-
NHL centre, born on this day at Edmonton, Alberta, in 1970; selected by the Winnipeg Jets in the first round (first pick overall) of the 1989 NHL Entry Draft; traded to the Florida Panthers for Randy Gilhen on Nov. 26, 1993; traded to Pittsburg Penguins; 1997-98 led team and tied for third in NHL in power-play goals. Second on team in goals with career high.

Also Alexandre-Emmanuel Trudeau 1973-
born on this day at Ottawa in 1973; second son of Pierre-Elliot and Margaret Trudeau.

 

In Other Events…
1971 Ottawa Ontario – Justin Pierre Trudeau born; second child born to a Prime Minister while in office; Mary Macdonald the first, in 1869.
1960 Montreal Quebec – Opening of the Boulevard Métropolitain for traffic; Montreal’s cross-town artery.
1944 Ravenna Italy – Canadian Army captures Adriatic coast city of Ravenna.
1944 Sackville, New Brunswick – CBC tests its new International Service with a Christmas broadcast to Canadian troops in Europe in both English and French; only transmitter tests, but a small regular audience of Canadian troops and Europeans develops; opens full service Feb. 25, 1945.
1941 Hong Kong – Japan announces the surrender of the British-Canadian garrison by radio broadcast; 290 Canadian dead, 493 wounded; Canadian survivors spend rest of war in Japanese POW camps; in all, 264 men never return from the camps.
1940 Aldershot England – General Andrew McNaughton 1887-1966 organizes First Canadian Corps with two divisions.
1924 Montreal Quebec – New cross on Mount Royal first illuminated.
1919 Montreal Quebec – Beginning of fund raising campaign to establish l’Université de Montréal, as a separate institution from Laval.
1892 Ottawa Ontario – John Sparrow David Thompson 1844-1894 sworn in at Rideau Hall as leader of new Conservative Ministry.
1848 Edmonton Alberta – Paul Kane 1810-1871 attends Christmas dinner at HBC Chief Factor Rowand’s Fort Edmonton establishment [see below].
1785 Sorel Quebec – Christ Church opens at Sorel; oldest Anglican church in Quebec.
1667 Kahnawake Quebec – Kateri Tekakwitha has her first communion at the Iroquois church.
1635 Quebec Quebec – Samuel de Champlain c1567-1635 dies at Quebec on Christmas Day, age 68, after stroke paralyzed him in October; born at Brouage, a small seaport town in the old province of Saintonge, southeast of Rochefort, in about 1567; his remains buried under Champlain Chapel near Notre-Dame-de-Québec.
1633 Trois-Rivières, Quebec – Jacques Hertel becomes the first settler at Three Rivers.
1620 Copenhagen Denmark – Jens Eriksen Munk 1519-1628 manages to return to Copenhagen with only two surviving crew members after horrifying winter ordeal in Hudson Bay; most of his men died of trichinosis or Vitamin A poisoning from eating polar bear liver.


Today in Canadian History is written, compiled, edited and produced by Ottawa Researchers © 1984-2002.

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