On This Day
|Today's Canadian Headline...|
|1791||PITT SPLITS CANADA IN TWOLondon England – British PM William Pitt passes the Constitutional Act, dividing Quebec along the Ottawa River, into Upper and Lower Canada, each with a Lieutenant-Governor and a Legislature; Lower Canada keeps French civil law. The so-called ‘Canada Act’ gives colonies first powers to pass duties for revenue, a form of responsible government, but the governors and council retain the right to control revenue from the sale of Crown Lands, letting them bypass the Assembly.|
Halifax, Nova Scotia – Canadian-escorted convoy ONS-154 loses 14 ships to German U-boats in mid-Atlantic; gets 32 to Britain by Dec. 30.
London England – General A.G.L. ‘Andy’ McNaughton 1887-1966 retires as commander of First Canadian Army; will become Minister of National Defence replacing J. L. Ralston. Here he is with Mackenzie King at Aldershot in 1942.
And in Today's Canadian Birthdays...
Jean-Baptiste Lagimodière 1778-1855
Also Arnold Spohr 1927-
Also Norm Ullman 1935-
Also Ronnie Prophet 1937-
|In Other Events…|
|1991||Toronto Ontario – Northwest Airlines buys 20 Dash 8 Series 100 aircraft from de Haviland for $190 million; division of Boeing Canada.|
|1990||Montreal Quebec – Doug Harvey 1924-1990 dies; born Dec 19, 1924. Harvey played defence for the Montreal Canadiens; he won the Norris Trophy as best NHL defenceman seven times.|
|1976||St. John’s Newfoundland – Nursing home fire kills 21 elderly residents.|
|1971||Cuba – Air Canada jet on flight from Thunder Bay to Toronto hijacked to Cuba.|
|1970||Ste-Foy, Quebec – Quebec suburb of Ste-Foy incorporated.|
|1960||Toronto Ontario – National Youth Orchestra Association meets for first time; concludes with New Year’s Eve concert at Massey Hall.|
|1934||Lévis Quebec – Joseph Bernier 1852-1934 dies, born on this day at L’Islet, Quebec on Jan 01, 1852. Captain of the government steamship Arctic, Bernier led expeditions into Canada’s Arctic between 1904 and 1911; July 1909 unveiled a plaque on Melville Island which officially claimed the Arctic Islands for Canada.|
|1908||Sydney Australia – Jack Johnson knocks out Canada’s Tommy Burns to win the world heavyweight boxing crown; police stopped the fight in the 14th round; Johnson the first black heavyweight champion; Burns, a Hanover, Ontario, native who weighed only 175 pounds, won the title with a 20-round decision over Marvin Hart at Los Angeles in 1906.|
|1901||Sydney, Nova Scotia – Guglielmo Marconi arrives in North Sydney from Newfoundland two weeks after he had received the first transatlantic radio signal at Signal Hill in St. John’s Newfoundland; the Anglo-American Telegraph Company, owner of the undersea cable and holder of a monopoly of telegraphy in the province, notified him that it would take legal action unless he immediately ceased his wireless experiments and removed his equipment from Newfoundland. He confers with Nova Scotia Premier George Murray, William Smith of the Canadian Post Office, Mayor Mckenzie of North Sydney, and the Honourable J.N. Armstrong, a prominent local politician and member of the Nova Scotia cabinet. They urge him to set up shop in Cape Breton, and send him on to Ottawa two days later.|
|1887||Winnipeg: Manitoba – David Harrison sworn in as Premier of Manitoba; will resign on Jan. 19, 1888 after support evaporates.|
|1852||Liverpool England – New Brunswick-built ship Marco Polo arrives back from Melbourne, Australia in 140 days, a trip that usually took 240 days; declared the fastest ship in the world; 1883 wrecked when grounded in a gale off Cavendish, PEI.|
|1848||Longueuil Quebec – First train runs between Longueuil and St-Hyacinthe.|
|1823||St. John’s Newfoundland – Founding of Chamber of Commerce of St. John’s.|
|1727||France – Louis-François Duplessis de Mornay appointed Bishop of Quebec on death of Saint-Vallier; he never came to Canada.|
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