On This Day

February 10

maple leaf Today's Canadian Headline...
1763 FRANCE GIVES UP CANADAParis France – France signs Peace of Paris ending the Seven Years War. France gives up Canada, keeping only St. Pierre and Miquelon and part of Louisiana; Spain cedes claims in the northwest, gets California.

And in Today's Canadian Birthdays...

Adrienne Clarkson 1939-
broadcaster, born Adrienne Poy on this day at Hong Kong in 1939. Clarkson came to Canada with her parents in 1942 following the Japanese invasion. After getting an MA from the University of Toronto, she attended the Sorbonne in Paris, then returned to Toronto in 1965, where she started her TV career as a CBC host of such shows as Take Thirty, Adrienne at Large and the Fifth Estate. After stints as a novelist, diplomat and publisher, she returned to broadcasting in 1989 as host of the arts show, Adrienne Clarkson Presents. [Photo: CBC, Fred Phipps]


And in Other Canadian Birthdays...

Victor Davis 1964-1989
swimmer, born on this day at Guelph, Ontario in 1964; killed in a car accident in Montreal Nov 28, 1989. A ferocious competitor, Davis got his first world record in the 200m breaststroke at the Worlds in Ecuador in 1982. After a bout of mononucleosis in 1983, he returned to the pool, and smashed the 200m world record at the Los Angeles Olympics in 1984, winning the Gold in a time of 2:13:34. He also took home a silver in the 100m breaststroke and in the 4x100m medley relay. In 1986 he took Gold in the 100m at the Commonwealth Games and the World championships. In the Seoul Olympics in 1988 he took Silver as a member of Canada’s 4x100m medley relay team. The following year he was run down outside a Montreal bar.Also Gilbert Labine 1890-1977
prospector, was born on this day in 1890 at Westmeath in the Ottawa Valley; died in Toronto June 8, 1977. Labine is known for his discovery of the pitchblende (radium) deposits on Great Bear Lake in 1930, and his establishment of the Eldorado refinery in Port Hope, Ontario in 1933. His company was secretly nationalized in 1944, and production used to fuel the first atomic bombs that pulverized Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945.


In Other Events…
1991 Halifax Nova Scotia – Donald Cameron chosen as Leader of the Progressive Conservative Party and new Premier of Nova Scotia.
1983 Washington DC – Canada signs agreement allowing US testing of military equipment in Canada, including cruise missiles.
1982 Bromont, Quebec – Group of 28 skiers perform backflips while holding hands; to get into the Guinness Book of Records.
1975 Ottawa Ontario – Ottawa grants $18 million for underwater electrical cable from New Brunswick to PEI.
1971 Ottawa Ontario – Ottawa limits seal catch in the Gulf of St. Lawrence and off Newfoundland and Labrador.
1969 Ottawa Ontario – Opening of 3-day constitutional conference; Premiers agree to more study of constitutional reform.
1965 Vancouver BC – Lumber magnate H. R. MacMillan donates $8.2 million to the University of British Columbia for postgraduate education.
1956 Quebec Quebec – Wilbert Coffin hanged for murder of three American hunters, killed in the Gaspé in 1953; many insist the Gaspé prospector was innocent.
1947 Paris France – Canada signs mop-up peace treaties with former Axis powers Italy, Romania, Hungary and Finland.
1942 Atlantic – German U-boat torpedoes Canadian corvette Spikenard.
1922 London England – Peter Charles Larkin 1856-1930 appointed High Commissioner for Canada in Britain; wealthy tea merchant and benefactor of Mackenzie King
1906 Prince Rupert BC – Prince Rupert chosen as the name of the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway’s terminus. Fifteen thousand people entered the $250 contest to choose a name – Eleanor Macdonald of Winnipeg was the winner.
1906 London England – Canadian Tommy Burns knocks out Jack Palmer in the fourth round to defend his world heavyweight title.
1892 Washington DC – Canadian and US negotiators fail to reach decision on reciprocity after five days of talk.
1876 St. Catharines Ontario – St. Catharines incorporated as a city.
1876 Toronto Ontario – Crooks Act takes power to grant tavern licences away from Ontario municipalities; now under provincial board.
1870 Winnipeg Manitoba – Louis Riel 1844-1885 organizes second Provisional Government of Red River.
1841 Kingston Ontario – The Act of Union comes into effect; uniting Upper and Lower Canada into the Province of Canada, with Kingston as its capital; Charles Poulett Thomson, Lord Sydenham 1799-1841 appointed first Governor-General of United Canada; until his death on Sept. 19, 1841.
1838 Quebec Quebec – Constitution of Lower Canada suspended as of March 27; Special Council proclaimed March 29.
1829 Fredericton New Brunswick – College of New Brunswick gets Royal Charter as King’s College, Fredericton; today the University of New Brunswick.
1802 London England – Alexander Mackenzie 1764-1820 knighted for achievements in the North West, and for being first to cross the North American continent by land.
1638 Paris France – King Louis XIII 1601-1643 grants Charles La Tour the rest of Nova Scotia, plus Cap de Sable and Fort La Tour on the Saint John River; Charles d’Aulnay, cousin of Razilly, is appointed Lieutenant-General of Acadia; hostility arises between La Tour and d’Aulnay.
In World Events…
1994 Cape Canaveral Florida – Five Shuttle astronauts and a Russian cosmonaut returned to Earth aboard Discovery; first joint US-Russian shuttle mission.
1990 South Africa – Black nationalist leader Nelson Mandela freed by President de Klerk after serving 27 years in prison.
1975 Blackpool England – Margaret Thatcher elected leader of the Conservative Party; first female leader of a British political party.
1929 Rome Italy – Signing of the Lateran Treaty, establishing an independent Vatican State in Rome.
1906 Glasgow Scotland – HMS Dreadnought launched; first modern battleship, with fast turbine engines and large guns.
1858 Lourdes France – Marie-Bernarde Soubirous first sees a vision of the Virgin Mary in a grotto; today the shrine of Saint Bernadette of Lourdes.
1840 London England – Queen Victoria marries Prince Albert.
1573 Chile – English explorer Francis Drake first sees the Pacific Ocean.
Today’s Global Birthdays…
1950 USA – Mark Spitz, Olympic swimmer, 2 Gold Medals in 1968, 7 in 1972.
1946 Scotland – Donovan [P Leech], rocker, Mellow Yellow.
1898 Germany – Bertolt Brecht, playwright, Mother Courage.
1894 Britain – Harold MacMillan, British Prime Minister 1957-63.
1890 Russia – Boris Pasternak, novelist/poet, author of Dr Zhivago, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature, 1958.
1847 USA – Thomas Alva Edison, inventor of the gramophone and the incandescent light bulb, had over 1,000 patents to his name.
1670 England – William Congreve, Restoration dramatist, The Way of the World.

Today in Canadian History is written, compiled, edited and produced by Ottawa Researchers © 1984-2002.

All Rights Reserved.

Please email your comments & suggestions to at: Ottawa Researchers


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