On This Day

February 21

maple leaf Today's Canadian Headline...
1980 CLARK CALLS IT QUITSOttawa Ontario – Prime Minister Joe Clark submits resignation to Governor General, three days after his Tory government was defeated by Pierre Trudeau’s Liberals.

Also On This Day...

London England – John Buchan 1875-1940 appointed Governor-General of Canada as Baron Tweedsmuir; Buchan was also a biographer and novelist, who wrote one of the first modern thrillers, The Thirty-Nine Steps.


Also On This Day...

Toronto Ontario – David Peterson 1943- elected leader of the Ontario Liberal Party, succeeding Stuart Smith; a member of the Legislature from London, Ontario, Peterson will go on to defeat Frank Miller’s Conservatives and become Premier of the province.


And in Today's Canadian Birthdays...

Robert Campbell 1808-1894
fur trader, born on this day at Glenlyon, Perth, Scotland in 1808; died May 9, 1894 on the Merchiston Ranch, near Riding Mountain, Manitoba. Campbell spent his life in the service of the Hudson’s Bay Company (1830-71); he was an early explorer of the Yukon.

In Other Events…
1995 Leader Saskatchewan – Chicago stockbroker Steve Fossett touches down at Leader, becoming the first person to fly solo across the Pacific Ocean in a balloon.
1972 Ottawa Ontario – Canada lets International Atomic Energy Agency verify Canada’s peaceful use of nuclear power.
1969 Montreal Quebec – Réjane Laberge-Colas 1923- appointed to Quebec Superior Court for the district of Montreal; Montreal lawyer the first woman named to the bench of a Superior Court in Canada.
1961 Toronto Ontario – Ontario Royal Commission endorses water fluoridation to cut tooth decay.
1945 Goch Germany – Canadian Army breaks through the Seigfried Line, reaches Goch.
1941 Newfoundland – Canadian co-discoverer of insulin Frederick Banting 1891-1941 killed at age 49 in Newfoundland air crash en route to England on a wartime medical mission; Nobel Prize winner.
1921 Quebec Quebec – Quebec the first province to establish government control of liquor; for a period of time Quebec is the only jurisdiction in North America with no prohibition of alcohol.
1918 Ottawa Ontario – James Alexander Lougheed 1854-1925 appointed Minister of Soldiers Civil Re-establishment; relocation, hospital care, pensions for returning soldiers and war workers
1891 Springhill Nova Scotia – Coal gas explosion in Springhill kills 129 miners.
1881 Winnipeg Manitoba – Horace McDougall sells Winnipeg telephone system to Bell; first Winnipeg telephone directory has 42 subscribers.
1849 Halifax Nova Scotia – Pony Express carries first despatches from to Digby for relay to Saint John, New Brunswick telegraph.
1824 Saint John NB – 18-year old Saint John boy hanged for stealing 25 cents.
1731 Quebec Quebec – Gilles Hocquart 1694-1783 appointed Intendant of New France; serves from August 20 to Sept. 2, 1748
1642 Nova Scotia – Charles Menou d’Aulnay 1604-1650 ordered to arrest Charles de La Tour for insubordination.
In World Events…
1989 Soweto, South Africa – Two of Winnie Mandela’s private guard charged with murder of 14-year-old Stompie Seipei in Soweto.
1989 Prague Czech Republic – Czech dissident playwright Vaclav Havel jailed for incitement to riot and obstruction; later his country’s President.
1981 New York City – Charles Rocket clearly says the ‘F’ Word on the Saturday Night Live comedy show.
1975 Washington DC – Former Attorney General John Mitchell, Nixon Chief of Staff H.R. Haldeman and Nixon domestic adviser John Ehrlichman jailed for obstructing justice in Watergate affair.
1973 Chicago Illinois – Chicago Black Hawks play their NHL record 262nd game without being shut-out.
1972 Beijing China – Richard Nixon the first U.S. President to visit China.
1970 Chicago Illinois – Bobby Hull scores two goals, including the 500th point of his career, as the Chicago Blackhawks beat the New York Rangers 4-2.
1965 New York City – Black nationalist leader Malcolm X (Malcolm Little) murdered at age 39 as he prepares to address a meeting of his Afro-American Unity Organization.
1952 USA – Dick Button performs the first figure skating triple jump in competition.
1947 New York City – Edwin H. Land demonstrates the first instant developing camera – his Polaroid.
1934 Nicaragua – Nicaraguan patriot Augusto Cesar Sandino assassinated by National Guard.
1925 New York City – First issue of the New Yorker magazine published.
1916 Verdun France – German army launches attack on fortress of Verdun; this World War One battle will generate one million casualties.
1885 Washington DC – Washington Monument dedicated; not completed for another 30 years.
1878 New Haven Connecticut – World’s first telephone directory issued; with 50 names.
1849 Gujerat India – British defeat large force of 50,000 Sikhs under Shir Singh at the battle of Gujerat in the second Anglo-Sikh war.
1804 Wales – Richard Trevithick runs the world’s first locomotive.
1613 Russia – Michael Romanov, son of the Patriarch of Moscow, elected Tsar of Russia; start of Romanov rule in Russia.
1437 Scotland – James I, King of Scotland, assassinated by conspirators led by Walter of Atholl; he had tried to diminish the power of the Scottish nobles.
Today’s Global Birthdays…
1958 USA – Mary-Chapin Carpenter, country singer, Shooting Straight in the Dark.
1943 Brooklyn NY – David Geffin, record producer, Geffin Asylum.
1934 Healdton Oklahoma – Rue McClanahan, actress, Maude, Golden Girls.
1931 USA – Larry Hagman, actor, I Dream of Jeannie, Dallas; son of actress Mary Martin.
1925 USA – Sam Peckinpah, film director, The Wild Bunch, Straw Dogs.
1924 Zimbabwe – Robert Mugabe, President of Zimbabwe.
1907 England – Wystan Hugh Auden, poet; his Age of Anxiety won the Pulitzer Prize in 1948.
1903 Paris France – Anais Nin, writer, Winter of Artifice, House of Incense.
1893 Linares Spain – Andres Segovia, classical guitarist.
1801 England – John Henry Newman, English Roman Catholic Cardinal, author.
1794 Mexico – Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, revolutionary, President of Mexico 1833-36.
1728 Kiel Germany – Karl Peter Ulrich, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, later Peter III, Tsar of Russia 1761-62, husband of Catherine the Great.

Today in Canadian History is written, compiled, edited and produced by Ottawa Researchers © 1984-2002.

All Rights Reserved.

Please email your comments & suggestions to at: Ottawa Researchers


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