On This Day

February 22

maple leaf Today's Canadian Headline...
1813 RED GEORGE INVADES THE USAOgdensburg New York – Lt. Col. ‘Red George’ Macdonnell c1779-1871 leads 400 Prescott regular militia and Glengarry Light Infantry in a pre-dawn raid on US Fort Ogdensburg across the frozen St. Lawrence; to retaliate for Feb. 6 attack on Brockville; War of 1812.

Also On This Day...

Ottawa Ontario – Joe Clark 1939- narrowly elected PC Party leader on 4th ballot; replaces Robert Stanfield; gets 1187 votes, to Claude Wagner’s 1112; Brian Mulroney, whose campaign was judged too slick, finishes third.


And in Today's Canadian Birthdays...

Morley Callaghan 1903-
writer, born on this day at Toronto in 1903. Callaghan graduated as a lawyer, then worked as a journalist with the Toronto Star; novelist, whose main works are the novels Such is My Beloved (1934), The Loved and the Lost (1951), A Time for Judas (1983) and his literary memoirs, That Summer in Paris (1963). [Photo: Macmillan of Canada; Nigel Dickson]

In Other Events…
1998 Nagano, Japan – Canadians take home record medal haul as 18th Winter Olympic games close at Nagano.
1996 St. John’s Newfoundland – Brian Tobin wins Newfoundland Election; gains 37 out of 48 seats in the Newfoundland Legislature.
1996 Victoria British Columbia – Glen Clark sworn in as Premier of BC replacing Mike Harcourt; former provincial Cabinet Minister.
1995 Ottawa Ontario – Bloc Quebecois leader Lucien Bouchard returns to the House of Commons where MPs give him a standing ovation; he had lost part of his leg to the so-called flesh-eating disease in late 1993.
1995 Ottawa Ontario – Lucienne Robillard appointed federal Minister of Labour; newly elected Liberal for Montreal riding.
1994 Ottawa Ontario – Paul Martin tables his first Budget as Finance Minister; wants to cut deficit from $45 to 39 billion; cuts tobacco taxes to curb smuggling; announces four military bases to close, including Royal Roads in BC and Collège Militaire St-Jean in Quebec.
1994 Ottawa Ontario – Health Canada project finds traces of cigarette smoke compounds in fetal hair; first biochemical proof that even offspring of non-smoking mothers are affected by passive smoke.
1990 Los Angeles California – k.d. laing wins Grammy Award as top female country singer in the USA; Alberta native.
1990 Vancouver BC – Grain carrier collides with Polish fishing vessel in Vancouver Harbour; spilling 40,000 litres of diesel fuel.
1984 Quebec Quebec – Czech brothers Anton & Peter Stastny score 8 points each in a game for the NHL Quebec Nordiques.
1977 Washington DC – Pierre Elliott Trudeau 1919- tells US Congress that Canada will remain united despite concerns about Quebec separation; first speech given by Canadian Prime Minister to US Congress
1969 Montreal Quebec – Bomb explodes at Liberal Party social club, injuring two people.
1968 Quebec Quebec – Daniel Johnson 1915-1968 announces creation of Radio-Québec, a provincially owned radio and television network.
1964 Montreal Quebec – Montreal police seize millions of dollars worth of smuggled heroin.
1945 Atlantic – German U-Boat torpedoes Royal Canadian Navy corvette Trentonian.
1943 Gibraltar Mediterranean – Royal Canadian Navy corvette HMCS Weyburn strikes mine and sinks near Gibraltar.
1893 Quebec Quebec – Quebec Legislature declares beer of not over 4% alcohol a ‘temperance drink’.
1887 Canada – John Alexander Macdonald 1815-1891 wins federal election 126 seats to 89 for Edward Blake of the Liberals; majority cut to 37 seats in a House of 215.
1851 Ottawa Ontario – The Bytown Packet newspaper changes its name to the Ottawa Citizen.
1851 Kingston Ontario – James Morris 1798-1865 appointed the Province of Canada’s first Postmaster-General.
1838 Kingston Ontario – William Lyon Mackenzie 1795-1861 abandons plan to attack Kingston from Hickory Island in the Thousand Islands.
1825 London England – Britain and Russia set inland boundaries of Alaska/BC at first mountain range and 141st meridian.
In World Events…
1994 Mexico City – Aldrich Ames and wife charged with being Soviet spies; received $1.5 million over 10-year period for passing secrets; Ames a career CIA officer.
1991 Washington DC – US gives Iraq’s Saddam Hussein 24 hours to quit Kuwait or face all-out ground war; Gulf War.
1980 Lake Placid New York- US Olympic Ice Hockey team beats the USSR 4-3 en route to a gold medal.
1980 Tel Aviv Israel – Israeli government replaces the Israeli pound with a new currency, the shekel.
1967 Djakarta Indonesia – General Suharto takes power from Indonesia’s President Achmad Sukarno, who stays President in name only.
1966 Entebbe Uganda – Uganda Prime Minister Milton Obote takes full control of the country and arrests five ministers.
1956 New York City – Elvis Presley has his first hit in Billboard’s top 10: Heartbreak Hotel.
1924 Washington DC – Calvin Coolidge makes the first presidential radio address.
1913 Mexico City – Francisco Madero, revolutionary president of Mexico, assassinated in military coup with Vice President Pino Suarez.
1892 London England – Oscar Wilde premieres his play Lady Windermere’s Fan at the St James Theatre.
1889 Washington DC – The Dakotas, Montana and Washington admitted to the union.
1888 Yonkers NY – John Reid of Scotland first demonstrates the game of golf to Americans.
1886 London England – The Times is the first British newspaper to put a personal column in its classified page, which was then on its front page.
1879 Utica New York – Frank Winfield Woolworth opens his first Great Five Cent Store.
1872 Columbus Ohio – First national convention of the Prohibition Party.
1862 Montgomery Alabama – Jefferson Davis inaugurated as President of the Confederate States of America.
1856 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania – First national meeting of the Republican Party.
1847 Buena Vista Texas – Zachary Taylor’s US troops defeat Mexicans at battle of Buena Vista; American-Mexican War.
1819 Washington DC – Secretary of State John Quincy Adams and Spanish minister Don Luis de Onis sign Treaty of Florida Blanca; Spain gives up claim to Pacific Coast north of 42nd Parallel; cedes what is now the State of Florida to the US because of inability to maintain order; two years later, the US paid its citizens $5 million to settle claims against Spain.
1787 Paris France – Assembly of Notables meets for the first time.
1784 New York City – Empress of China sets sail from New York; first US trading vessel to China arrives on Aug. 28.
1774 London England – House of Lords rules authors do not have perpetual copyright
1630 Massachusetts – Indians introduce pilgrims to popcorn at Thanksgiving.
1370 Edinburgh Scotland – Robert II succeeds his uncle, David II, as King of Scotland; start of the Stuart dynasty.
Today’s Global Birthdays…
1932 Boston Massachusetts – Edward Moore ‘Ted’ Kennedy, US Senator D-Mass.
1908 England – John Mills, actor The Big Sleep, King Rat ,War and Peace.
1907 Chicago Illinois – Robert Young, actor, Father Knows Best, Marcus Welby MD.
1900 Calanda Spain – Luis Bunuel, surrealist filmmaker, Un Chien Andalou, L’Age d’or, Tristana, The Phantom of Liberty; worked with Salvador Dali.
1900 Ireland – Sean O’Faolain, writer, Murder at Cobbler’s Hulk.
1892 USA – Edna St Vincent Millay, poet, dramatist, Harp Weaver; winner of Pulitzer Prize.
1857 Germany – Heinrich Hertz, physicist, first to broadcast and receive radio waves.
1857 England – Lord (Robert) Baden-Powell, British army officer, founder of the Boy Scout movement.
1788 Germany – Artur Schopenhauer, pessimistic philosopher, author of The World as Will and Idea (1819).
1732 USA – George Washington, American revolutionary soldier and first President 1789-1796.
1403 France – Charles VII, King of France 1422-61, who drove out the English.

Today in Canadian History is written, compiled, edited and produced by Ottawa Researchers © 1984-2002.

All Rights Reserved.

Please email your comments & suggestions to at: Ottawa Researchers


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