TODAY – FEB 27, 2011 – IN CANADIAN HISTORY

On This Day

February 27

maple leaf Today's Canadian Headline...
1988 MANLEY TAKES SILVER AT CALGARYCalgary Alberta – Elizabeth Manley of Ottawa wins Silver Medal in Women’s Figure Skating at the Calgary Winter Olympics; East Germany’s Katarina Witt wins Gold, Debi Thomas of the US gets the Bronze. Witt is the first woman figure skater since Sonja Henie to win gold medals in two consecutive Winter Olympic Games.
1994

Also On This Day...

Lillehammer, Norway – 17th Winter Olympics end in Lillehammer; Canada takes home three Golds – Myriam Bédard for Biathlon (2) and (in the picture) Jean-Luc Brassard for Moguls Freestyle Skiing.

1899

And in Today's Canadian Birthdays...

Charles H. Best 1899-1978
medical researcher, physiologist, co-discoverer of insulin, born to Canadian parents at West Pembroke, Maine; died in Toronto March 31, 1978. In 1921, working alongside Frederick Banting as a medical student at the University of Toronto, Best was the first to extract pancreatic insulin from dogs in a form that controlled diabetes; 1923 the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine was awarded to Banting and Scottish physiologist John James Richard Macleod, who managed the laboratory; Banting protested the award to Macleod and shared his part of the prize equally with Best; 1923 University of Toronto sets up the Banting-Best Department of Medical Research; 1929 after graduate training in England, succeeds Macleod as Professor of Physiology at U of T; 1941 became Research Associate of the department and Director after Banting’s death in a plane crash. During World War II he helped start a Canadian program to provide dried human blood serum; also discovered the vitamin choline and the enzyme histaminase, and co-authored a physiology text; co-founded the Canadian Diabetes Association; 1951 U of T names the Charles H. Best Institute, a diabetes research laboratory, in his honour; 1963 served as a consultant to the medical research committee of the United Nations World Health Organization.
 

In Other Events…
1996 St. Louis Missouri – Former Oiler Wayne Gretzky leaves the Los Angeles Kings NHL team and joins the St. Louis Blues; he will later jump to the NY Rangers.
1995 Ottawa Ontario – Paul Martin tables his second Budget as Finance Minister; wants to cut federal spending 8.8% and bring the deficit down to 3% of GDP.
1992 Ottawa Ontario – Supreme Court of Canada unanimously upholds Canada’s anti-pornography law; rules sexually explicit material is obscene and not protected by the freedom of expression guarantee in the Charter of Rights.
1991 Iraq – Coalition under US General Norman Schwarzkopf proclaims victory over Iraq in the six-week Gulf War; Canadian troops start to return home after combat operations cease; Canada sent a total of 2,400 troops, 26 fighter planes, 3 warships and a field hospital.
1990 Ottawa Ontario – Ottawa withdraws from $4.1 billion OSLO oil sands project.
1982 New Brunswick – Doug Young 1946- elected leader of New Brunswick Liberal Party.
1977 Toronto Ontario – Keith Richards of the Rolling Stones rock group is arrested by the RCMP and charged with possession of heroin with intent to traffic and possession of cocaine; police seize 22 grams of heroin, 5 grams of cocaine and narcotics paraphernalia; Richards is released on $25,000 bail; later found guilty, but released on condition the Stones play two benefit concerts for the blind.
1976 Beijing China – Canadian Wheat Board sells China 963,989 tonnes of wheat.
1974 New York City – Joni Mitchell’s album Court and Spark turns gold; her highest charting singles are Help Me and Free Man in Paris.
1974 Ottawa Ontario – Opening of 2nd session of the 29th Parliament; until May 8,1974
1957 Winnipeg Manitoba – Canadian group buys shares of Investors Syndicate of Canada from Murchison and Allegeny interests; Dominion Securities, Webb & Knapp and ISC officers including Clarence Peterson.
1951 Ottawa Ontario – Canada posts army officer to staff of Supreme Allied Commander; first step in providing Canadian ground troops in Europe for NATO
1917 Toronto Ontario – Women in Ontario win right to vote in provincial elections.
1909 Toronto Ontario – Ontario adds Crest, Supporters and Motto to provincial Coat-of-Arms.
1900 Victoria BC – Charles Augustus Semlin 1836-1927 dismissed as BC Premier by Lt-Governor T. R. McInnes.
1842 Shanty Bay Ontario – Opening of St. Thomas’ Church, Shanty Bay, built of ‘rammed earth’.
1839 Toronto Ontario – Opening of fourth session of thirteenth Parliament of Upper Canada; meets until May 11; adopts resolutions favouring a union of Upper and Lower Canada.
1751 Quebec – Jacques-Pierre de Taffanel de La Jonquière 1685-1752 sends Pierre-Marie Raimbeau de Simblin to build a fur trade fort at Lac de la Carpe to curb British influence south of Hudson Bay.
In World Events…
1991 Washington DC – US President George Bush says ‘Kuwait is liberated. IraqÕs army is defeated. I am pleased to announce that at midnight tonight, exactly 100 hours since ground operations began and six weeks since the start of Operation Desert Storm, all United States and coalition forces will suspend offensive combat operations.’
1990 Washington DC – Exxon Corporation and Exxon Shipping indicted on five criminal counts relating to the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill off Alaska.
1988 Calgary Alberta – US speedskater Bonnie Blair wins Olympic Gold in the 500m race, in a record time of 39.1 seconds.
1974 New York City – Time-Life (now Time-Warner) starts publishing People magazine with an initial run of one million copies; weekly circulation grows to 3.5 million by 1995.
1973 Wounded Knee South Dakota – American Indian Movement occupy government offices at Wounded Knee in South Dakota.
1972 Shanghai China – US President Richard Nixon and Chinese Premier Chou En-lai issue Shanghai Communiqué of cooperation.
1967 Washington DC – Washington Week In Review starts first season; longest-running program on Public Broadcasting System (PBS).
1967 London England – Britain grants independence to Dominica, associated state status to Antigua and St Christopher-Nevis.
1957 New York City – Xavier Cugat Show premieres on NBC.
1957 Beijing China – Mao Tse-tung makes a speech called On the Correct Handling of Contradictions Among People.
1951 Washington DC – US Congress ratifies the 22nd Amendment, limiting the President to 2 terms of office.
1949 Tel Aviv Israel- Chaim Weizmann becomes the first President of the state of Israel.
1942 Pacific – Start of the Battle of the Java Sea; 13 US warships sunk, 2 Japanese.
1938 Madrid Spain – Britain and France recognize Francisco Franco’s government in Spain.
1933 Berlin Germany – Nazis set fire to the Reichstag or German parliament; blame it on the communists.
1922 Washington DC – US Supreme Court unanimously upholds the 19th Amendment, giving women the right to vote.
1919 Germany – Gustav Holst premieres The Planets.
1906 New Hebrides – France & Britain agree to joint control of New Hebrides.
1900 London England – Conference of socialists in London calls for creation of a British Labour Party.
1883 New York City – Oscar Hammerstein, grandfather of the musical composer, patents the first cigar-rolling machine.
1844 Dominican Republic – Dominican Republic gains its independence from Haiti.
1827 New Orleans Louisiana- First Mardi Gras celebration in New Orleans.
1814 Vienna Austria – Ludwig van Beethoven premieres his Eighth symphony.
1700 New Britain – Pacific island of New Britain discovered.
1670 Austria – Emperor Leopold I orders Jews expelled from Austria.
1526 Germany – The rulers of Saxony and Hesse form the League of Gotha, an alliance of Protestant princes.
Today’s Global Birthdays…
1980 Little Rock Arkansas – Chelsea Clinton, daughter of 42nd U.S. President William Clinton and First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton.
1941 New Delhi India – Paddy Ashdown, MP, first leader of Britain’s Social Liberal Democratic Party.
1940 Salem Oregon – Howard Hesseman, actor Dr Johnny Fever of WKRP, Head of the Class.
1934 USA – Ralph Nader, consumer advocate, Unsafe at Any Speed.
1932 London England – Elizabeth Taylor, Academy Award-winning actress: Butterfield 8 (1960), WhoÕs Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1966), Cat On a Hot Tin Roof, National Velvet, Cleopatra; Perfume spokesperson (Passion).
1930 Thomasville Georgia – Joanne Woodward, actress, The Three Faces of Eve (1957), Rachel Rachel, Sybil, Philadelphia; wife of Paul Newman.
1917 Texas – John Connally, Governor of Texas; suffered gunshot wounds during Kennedy assassination in 1963.
1912 Darjeeling India – Lawrence Durrell, writer, The Alexandria Quartet.
1910 Chicago Illinois – Peter De Vries, comic author, Reuben Reuben, The Prick of Noon.
1905 Niagara Falls NY – Franchot Tone, actor, Mutiny on the Bounty, Advice and Consent, In HarmÕs Way, Dr Freeland in TV’s Ben Casey.
1902 Philadelphia Pennsylvania – Marian Anderson, black contralto; banned by the Daughters of the American Revolution from performing at WashingtonÕs Constitution Hall in 1939.
1902 Salinas California – John Steinbeck, author, The Grapes of Wrath, Cannery Row; won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1962.
1891 USA – David Sarnoff, Chairman, RCA.
1881 Iceland – Sveinn Bjornsson, first President of the Republic of Iceland 1944-52.
1850 USA – Henry Edwards Huntington, railroad owner, Union Pacific.
1847 England – Ellen Terry, actress, Shakesperian.
1807 Portland Maine – Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, poet, The Song of Hiawatha, Paul RevereÕs Ride, The Wreck of the Hesperus.
289 AD Italy – Constantine the Great, Roman emperor 312-37, adopted Christianity.


Today in Canadian History is written, compiled, edited and produced by Ottawa Researchers © 1984-2002.

All Rights Reserved.

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