On This Day

February 28

maple leaf Today's Canadian Headline...
1988 CANADA SHUT OUT OF GOLD AT CALGARYCalgary Alberta – Closing of the 15th Winter Olympic Games. Canada won two Silver Medals, in Singles Figure Skating (Feb 20 – Brian Orser and Feb 27 – Elizabeth Manley), as well as Bronze in Ice Dancing (Feb 23 – Tracy Wilson & Rob McCall), Womens Downhill (Feb 19 – Karen Percy) and Womens Super G (Feb 22 – Karen Percy again).

Also On This Day...

New York City – Ottawa native Alanis Morissette wins four Grammy awards including best female vocal for You Oughta Know and album of the year for Jagged Little Pill; at the 38th annual Grammy Awards.


And in Today's Canadian Birthdays...

Wilfred Thomason Grenfell 1865-1940
medical missionary, born at Parkgate, Cheshire, England; died at Charlotte, Vermont Oct. 9, 1940; 1883 while attending medical school at London University, was converted by US evangelist Dwight L. Moody and joined the Royal National Mission to Deep Sea Fishermen, serving as surgeon on the first hospital ship attached to the North Sea fisheries; 1889 made superintendent of the Mission; 1892 for 3 months cruised the Newfoundland and Labrador coast treating and providing missionary service to the fishermen, settlers and Inuit; 1893 opened the first hospital at Battle Harbour, and raised funds for the mission with speaking tours and popular books, such as Vikings of To-day (1895); 1909 married a Chicago heiress, Anne MacClanahan, who took him away from Labrador life; 1912 founded the International Grenfell Association, with HQ at St. Anthony’s after a split with the Royal National Mission to Deep Sea Fishermen; by 1932 the IGA had built 6 hospitals, 4 hospital ships, 7 nursing stations, 2 orphanages, 2 residential schools, 14 industrial centres, and a cooperative lumber mill.
Also Rae Dawn Chong 1962-
actor, was born on this day in 1962 at Edmonton Alberta. Chong appeared in the film Quest for Fire.

Also Dorothy Stratten 1960-1980
Playboy Magazine playmate Aug 1979, was born Dorothy Hoogstratten on this day in 1960 at Vancouver, British Columbia; murdered by boyfriend Paul Snider Aug 14, 1980. Her life is the subject of a movie, Star 80.

Also Don Francks 1932-
actor, was born on this day in 1932 at Vancouver, British Columbia. Francks has played in such productions as Terminal Choice and Finian’s Rainbow.

Also Moe Koffman 1929-
jazz flutist, was born on this day in 1929.

Also Louis-Joseph, Marquis de Montcalm-Grozon (de Saint-Véran) 1712-1759
soldier, was born on this day in 1712 at Château de Candiac, France; dies of wounds suffered at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham at Quebec Sept 14, 1759. Montcalm was Commander in Chief of French forces in Canada (1756-59) during the Seven Years’ War.


In Other Events…
1995 Fredericton New Brunswick – Judicial report on sexual abuse of boys at Kingsclear Training Centre released; critical of bureaucratic indifference that allowed abuse to continue for almost 30 years.
1985 Toronto Ontario – Publisher Ernst Zundel convicted for distributing hate literature in a book that said the mass extermination of Jews in Germany in World War II never occurred.
1984 Ottawa Ontario – Pierre Elliott Trudeau 1919- goes for a walk in an Ottawa blizzard and decides to resign; announces decision the following day; Canada’s 15th Prime Minister.
1983 Ottawa Ontario – Statistics Canada reports Canadian Gross National Product fell 4.8% in 1982; sharpest decline since 1933
1977 Ottawa Ontario – Parliament creates VIA Rail Canada Inc.; Crown corporation to operate passenger rail service.
1975 Europe – Pierre Elliott Trudeau 1919- starts 16-day European tour for closer ties with the European Economic Community.
1975 Ottawa Ontario – Parliament passes law giving the North West Territories a second NWT MP.
1968 Ottawa Ontario – Lester Bowles L. B. Pearson 1897-1972 survives non-confidence motion by 138 votes to 119.
1964 Toronto Ontario – Opening of Toronto International Airport terminal building.
1960 Lake Tahoe California – Closing of the VIII Winter Olympics at Squaw Valley; Canada takes home two Gold Medals – Anne Heggtveit for Slalom and Barbara Wagner and Bob Paul for Pairs Figure Skating, as well as a Silver in Hockey (Kitchener-Waterloo Dutchmen) and a Bronze in Men’s Figure Skating (Donald Jackson).
1956 Chatham Ontario – Chatham restaurant fined $50 for refusing to serve two black students.
1952 Ottawa Ontario – Vincent Massey 1887-1967 sworn in as first Canadian-born Governor General 1952-59; former President of the Massey-Harris Company 1921-25; Canada’s first ambassador to the US 1926-30; Canadian High Commissioner in London 1935-46.
1931 Toronto Ontario – Canadian Rugby Union adopts the forward pass in football.
1925 Toronto Ontario – Maple Leafs extend win streak to 9 games; longest in Leaf history to date.
1924 Ottawa Ontario – Ottawa Silver 7 beat Queen’s University Kingston to win the Stanley Cup.
1906 Ottawa Ontario – Third session of 14th Parliament meets until July 19; census made basis of Commons representation; income tax exemption per child
1877 Winnipeg Manitoba – Founding of the University of Manitoba by provincial statute.
1876 Ottawa Ontario – Opening of the gothic Parliamentary Library in Ottawa.
1860 Woodstock Ontario – Opening of Woodstock College.
1860 Canada – Opening of third session of sixth Parliament of Canada; meets until May 19; defeats two George Brown measures declaring Union of Canada a failure.
1838 Quebec – Robert Nelson 1794-1873 raids Lower Canada from Vermont with Cyrille Côté; proclaims republic; stopped by militia.
In World Events…
1996 London England – Princess Diana agrees to divorce her estranged husband, Prince Charles, calling it the saddest day of her life.
1994 Moldova – Moldova’s main independence party claimed a clear victory in the country’s first post-Soviet parliamentary elections.
1994 Bosnia – NATO jets shot down four Serbian warplanes violating Bosnia’s no-fly zone.
1993 Waco, Texas – US Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms agents try to serve an arrest warrant for weapons charges on Branch Davidian sect leader David Koresh; siege of Waco begins.
1991 Kuwait – US and allied forces cease fire at 8 am Kuwait time, after 42 days of the Gulf War; Iraq tells its army to stop fighting.
1986 Stockholm Sweden – Swedish Prime Minister Olaf Palme assassinated by a gunman in central Stockholm.
1983 USA – Record 125 million US TV viewers watch as final TV episode of M*A*S*H airs on CBS.
1982 New York City – AT & T loses record $7 Billion for fiscal year ending on this day.
1975 London England – British rail passenger train crashes into buffers at Moorgate station, killing 42 people.
1974 London England – Harold Wilson wins British general election; minority Labour government.
1971 Liechtenstein – Male voters of Liechtenstein say no in referendum on giving women the vote.
1960 Lake Tahoe California – Closing of the VIII Winter Olympics at Squaw Valley; US wins Olympic Hockey Gold Medal by defeating Czechoslovakia 9-4.
1957 USA – Jockey Johnny Longden notches his 5,000th career racetrack victory.
1951 Washington DC – US Senate committee reports the existence of at least 2 major US crime syndicates.
1948 India – Last British troops leave India after independence.
1943 New York City – George Gershwyn’s Porgy & Bess opens on Broadway with Anne Brown and Todd Duncan.
1943 Ryukan Norway – Nine Norwegian commandos sabotage German heavy water installations near Ryukan; part of German A-Bomb research.
1942 Java Indonesia – Japanese Navy sinks two more Allied ships on the second day of the Battle of Java Sea; Japanese land on the island of Java, the last Allied bastion in the Dutch East Indies.
1941 Spain – Alfonso XIII, ex-king of Spain, dies in exile; refused to abdicate after elections in 1931 which voted in the Republicans, and was forced to leave Spain.
1940 USA – US population reaches 131,669,275, with 12,865,518 blacks (9.8%).
1931 London England – Sir Oswald Mosley founds the proto-fascist New Party, dedicated to turning Parliament ‘from a talk-shop into a workshop.’
1922 London England – Britain formally declared Egypt’s independence, although still retaining control of the Suez Canal and the country’s defense; British troops remain.
1917 Moscow Russia – Russian Duma sets up Provisional Committee; workers set up Soviets; Russian revolution.
1916 London England – American novelist Henry James dies in London at age 72.
1913 South Georgia – Hunters kill 4000 kg male elephant seal on South Georgia in the South Atlantic; the animal is 6.8 metres long.
1879 USA – Southern blacks flee north to escape political, economic exploitation; Exodus of 1879.
1861 Washington DC – Territory of Colorado created.
1859 Little Rock Arkansas – Arkansas legislature requires free blacks to choose exile or slavery.
1854 Ripon Wisconsin – Republican Party formally organized at Ripon.
1849 San Francisco California – First boatload of gold rush prospectors arrives in California from east coast.
1847 Sacramento California – US defeats Mexico in battle of Sacramento.
1827 Baltimore Maryland – Baltimore & Ohio (B&O) chartered; first commercial railroad in US.
1825 London England – Britain and Russia sign treaty settling the border between Canada and Alaska, then a Russia possession.
1810 Philadelphia Pennsylvania- First US fire insurance joint-stock company organized in Philadelphia.
1784 England – John Wesley signs the Deed of Declaration, formalizing the establishment of the Wesleyan faith, or Methodism.
1749 England – Henry Fielding publishes his novel Tom Jones.
1704 Deerfield Massachusetts – Indians from Canada attack Deerfield, killing 40, and kidnapping 100.
1638 Edinburgh Scotland – Scottish Presbyterians sign National Convenant at Greyfriars, Edinburgh.
1066 London England – Westminster Abbey opens.
Today’s Global Birthdays…
1940 USA – Mario Andretti race-car driver, 1969 Indianapolis 500.
1926 Russia – Svetlana Alliluyeva, daughter of Josef Stalin, author My Life.
1915 USA – Zero Mostel, actor, ‘If I were a rich man,’ Fiddler on the Roof.
1915 England – Sir Peter Medawar, zoologist, immunologist, winner of the Nobel Prize in 1953.
1910 Italy – Vincente Minnelli, US movie director, American in Paris; father of Liza.
1909 England – Stephen Spender, poet, critic, Edge of Darkness.
1907 Hillsboro Ohio – Milton Caniff, cartoonist ,Terry & the Pirates.
1901 USA – Linus Pauling, chemist, peace worker, winner of the Nobel Prize in 1954 and 1962.
1890 Kiev Ukraine – Vaslav Nijinsky, ballet dancer.
1824 France – Charles Blondin, acrobat, aerialist.
1820 England – John Tenniel, cartoonist, illustrator, Alice in Wonderland.
1533 France – Michel de Montaigne, essayist, philosopher.

Today in Canadian History is written, compiled, edited and produced by Ottawa Researchers © 1984-2002.

All Rights Reserved.

Please email your comments & suggestions to at: Ottawa Researchers


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