TODAY – MAR 9, 2011 – IN CANADIAN HISTORY

On This Day

March 09

maple leaf Today's Canadian Headline...
1995 CANADA FIRES FIRST SHOTS IN TURBOT WAROff Labrador – Fisheries Minister Brian Tobin orders Canadian fisheries patrol vessel to seize a Spanish trawler for illegally taking undersized turbot outside Canada’s 200-mile offshore limit; boat fires warning shots across bow of Spanish trawler Estai; leads to dispute between Canada and the European Union.
1990

Also On This Day...

St. John’s Newfoundland – Premier Clyde Wells confirms he will rescind Newfoundland’s approval of the Meech Lake Accord; approved by the previous Peckford administration; this will effectively kill the Accord.

1855

Also On This Day...

Niagara Falls Ontario – First Great Western Railway locomotive crosses the 255 m. long Niagara Falls suspension bridge to the USA, giving Ontario direct rail connection to New York. This is the world’s first wire cable suspension bridge; it was built across the Gorge from 1851-55 by engineer John Roebling, who later built the Brooklyn Bridge.

1934

And in Today's Canadian Birthdays...

Marlene Stewart Streit 1934-
golfer, born on this day at Cereal Alberta in 1934. Stewart Streit won her first victory over Ada Mackenzie in the 1951 Ontario Ladies Amateur Golf tournament; In 1956 she had 34 straight victories, including the US National, the North and South and the USA intercollegiate crowns, and the Canadian Open and Closed; she is the only woman to win the Canadian, British, Australian, and US Amateur titles.  

In Other Canadian Events…
  1991
Montreal Quebec – Quebec Liberals adopt Report by lawyer Jean Allaire, released January 29; also endorse the Charter of Rights, and an elected Senate.
1986
Buffalo New York – Sabres’ Gilbert Perrault scores his 500th NHL goal in a 4-3 victory over New Jersey Devils.
1984
New York City – Toronto comedian John Candy stars with Darryl Hannah and Tom Hanks in Ron Howard’s Splash, opening in movie houses this day.
1981
Toronto Ontario – NHL Buffalo Sabres score nine second-period goals, crushing the Toronto Maple Leafs 14-4.
1980
Ottawa Ontario – National Archives of Canada acquires 1,000 historic Canadian documents; including the original order for the expulsion of the Acadians.
1977
Vancouver BC – Terry Fox 1958-1981 loses right leg above the knee to cancer; fitted with artificial leg; learns to walk, drive a car, play golf
1977
Ottawa Ontario – Health and Welfare bans saccharin from foods, cosmetics, and drugs; potentially carcinogenic; tests showed the sugar substitute caused cancer in laboratory rats.
1973
Montreal Quebec – Canada starts direct air service with Federal Republic of Germany and People’s Republic of China.
1970
Yellowknife NWT – Pierre Elliott Trudeau 1919- opens first ever Arctic Winter Games in Yellowknife; five days of Arctic and other sporting events
1967
Ottawa Ontario – Hamilton Southam 1916- appointed first director of the National Arts Centre in Ottawa.
1951
Toronto Ontario – Commons approves incorporation of TransCanada Pipelines; to build 5,000 km natural gas pipeline from Alberta to Quebec; sparks Pipeline Debate when Government asks for $80 million loan to a consortium of Canadian and American investors.
1948
Montreal Quebec – NHL President Clarence Campbell expels New York Rangers Billy Taylor and Boston Bruins Don Gallinger for life on charges of associating with known gamblers.
1942
Ottawa Ontario – James Garfield Gardiner 1897-1972 announces new agricultural policy – less wheat, more of everything else; suggests price rise to 90¢ bushel; largest carryover of wheat in history = 480 million bushels.
1928
Vancouver BC – First telephone call between Vancouver and London, England.
1907
Hamilton, Ontario – Hamilton news seller fined $30 for selling US papers on a Sunday.
1906
Lethbridge Alberta – Coal miners at Lethbridge go on strike; until December 2.
1904
Brandon Manitoba – Lester Patrick the first hockey defenseman on record to score a goal; Brandon Wheat Kings player.
1901
Victoria BC – Naturalized Japanese Canadians win right to vote; successfully appeal BC Elections Act
1895
Montreal Quebec – Montreal AAA beat Queens University (Kingston) for the Stanley Cup.
1873
Ottawa Ontario – John A Macdonald’s government proposes establishment of a Mounted Police force for the North West Territories; act passed May 23.
1870
Victoria BC – BC Legislature passes resolution to send delegates to Ottawa to negotiate Confederation; J. S. Helmcken and Joseph Trutch chosen to go.
1824
Quebec – Lower Canada Assembly passes Fabrique Act; priests in every parish to provide one school for every 100 families.
1824
Quebec Quebec – Canada adopts the patent system.
1815
Quebec Quebec – Treaty of Ghent proclaimed at Quebec; end of War of 1812.
1541
Paris France – Jean-Francois de La Roque de Roberval c1500-1560 authorized to take first boatload of convicts to Canada to found a colony; Jacques Cartier broke away from Roberval and went to Canada on his own. 
In World Events…
  1996
Algeria – Anti-government terrorists kill 10 people and wounded 16 in ambush of a passenger train in western Algeria.
1994
London England – Irish Republican Army terrorists launch 5 mortar bombs onto the runway at Heathrow airport; fail to explode.
1992
Israel- Menachem Begin dies; former Israeli PM, once a member of Irgun Zvai Leumi resistance group ; won the Nobel peace prize in 1978 for his part in the Camp David settlement with Anwar Sadat of Egypt.
1991
Belgrade Yugoslavia – Government deploys tanks in Belgrade after clashes between riot police and thousands of anti-Communist protesters.
1989
New York City – Eastern Airlines files for bankruptcy.
1989
The Hague Netherlands – Soviet Union officially submits to jurisdiction of the World Court.
1987
Detroit Michigan – Chrysler Corporation offers to buy financially troubled American Motors Corporation for $1 billion.
1986
Russia – Soviet probe Vega 2 flies by Halley’s Comet at 8,030 km.
1985
Detroit Michigan – First video of Gone With The Wind goes on sale for $89.95.
1982
Dublin Ireland – Charles Haughey sworn in as Irish prime minister.
1976
Italy – Cable car in the Italian Dolomites plunges to mountainside, killing 42 skiers.
1961
Russia – Sputnik 9 carries dog Chernushka into orbit.
1956
Nicosia Cyprus – Archbishop Makarios deported from Cyprus to the Seychelles; British suspected him of terrorism against Turkish Cypriots.
1954
New York City – Edward R. Murrow presents damning report on Wisconsin Senator Joseph R. McCarthy on his See it Now public affairs show.
1945
Vietnam – Japanese proclaim the independence of Indo-China from France.
1945
Bonn Germany – US 1st Army captures Bonn; World War II.
1932
Dublin Ireland – Eamon de Valera was appointed president of Ireland.
1932
Manchuria China – Emperor Pu Yi installed as puppet president of Japanese-controlled Manchuria; abdicated Chinese throne in 1912.
1929
USA – Eric Krenz of Palo Alto throws discus 168-3/4 inches; first athlete over 160 feet.
1924
Rijeka Croatia – Italy annexes independent city of Fiume; abandons claims to Yugoslavia’s Dalmatian coast.
1916
Texas – Mexican General Francisco Pancho Villa invades US, 17 killed.
1916
Berlin Germany – Germany declares war on Portugal; accuses Portugal of seizing German shipping in Lisbon harbor.
1864
Washington DC – Abraham Lincoln appoints General Ulysses S. Grant commander-in-chief of the Union armies.
1862
Hampton Roads Virginia – Ironclads Monitor (Union) & Merrimack (Confederate) do battle.
1861
Richmond Virginia – Confederate States issue first currency in sums of $50, 100, 500, 1000.
1858
Washington DC – Albert Potts of Philadelphia patents the street mailbox.
1846
Lahore India – Kashmir ceded to British East India Company by Treaty of Lahore; end of First Sikh war.
1832
New Salem Illinois – Abraham Lincoln runs for political office for the first time; fails to win seat in the Illinois state legislature; less than thirty years later he is US President.
1831
Algiers Algeria – King Louis Philippe founds the French Foreign Legion, with headquarters in Algeria.
1822
New York City – Charles M. Graham awarded patent for artificial teeth.
1745
Boston Massachusetts – Bells for first American carillon arrive in Boston from England.
1796
Rome Italy – Napoleon Bonaparte marries Josephine de Beauharnais, widow of a French officer executed during the revolution.
1791
USA – US surgeon George Hayward the first to use ether.
1661
Paris France – Jean-Baptiste Colbert becomes Chief Administrator of France on the death of Mazarin.
1497
Poland – Nicolaus Copernicus makes the first recorded astronomical observation.
1074
Rome Italy – Pope Gregory VII excommunicates all Roman Catholic priests who are married. 
Today’s Global Birthdays…
  1965
Paris France – Juliette Binoche, actress, The Unbearable Lightness of Being.
1960
USA – Faith Daniels news anchor CBS-TV.
1957
USA – Linda (Clorinda) Fiorentino, actress: Unforgettable, Bodily Harm, The Last Seduction, Vision Quest.
1943
USA – Trish Van Devere (Patricia Dressel), actress: Hollywood Vice Squad, All God’s Children, The Day of the Dolphin, Deadly Currents, Where’s Poppa?, One is a Lonely Number, Movie Movie, The Changeling.
1943
USA – Bobby Fischer, World Chess Champion 1972-75; winner vs Boris Spassky, 1972.
1940
Puerto Rico – Raul Julia, actor: The Addams Family, Kiss of the Spider Woman (four Tony nominations), Proteus, Mack the Knife, The Eyes of Laura Mars.
1937
USA – Mickey Gilley, country singer: Urban Cowboy, Bring It on Home to Me, Stand By Me, You Don’t Know Me; owner: Gilley’s Club; cousin of Jerry Lee Lewis.
1936
England – Glenda Jackson, actress, Hopscotch Touch of Class; Labour Party cabinet minister.
1934
Russia – Yuri Gagarin, cosmonaut: first man in orbit on Vostok 1.
1934
Queens New York – Joyce Van Patten, actress, Monkey Shines, The Goodbye Guys, Bad News Bears, Breathing Lessons, Don Rickles Show.
1933
USA – Lloyd Price. songwriter: Lawdy Miss Clawdy; pianist; singer: Stagger Lee, Personality, I’m Gonna Get Married, Misty Come to Me; record label owner; producer.
1932
Norfolk Virginia – Keely Smith (Dorothy Keely), singer: That Old Black Magic, How Are Ya’ Fixed for Love?; Mrs. Louis Prima.
1926
Corinth Greece – Irene Papas, actress, Zorba the Greek, Moses The Lawgiver.
1923
France – André Courrèges, fashion designer; introduced the miniskirt.
1918
USA – Mickey Spillane (Frank Morrison), writer of Mike Hammer mysteries: I the Jury, My Gun is Quick, Kiss Me Deadly, Vengeance is Mine, The Killing Man.
1905
Kiev Ukraine – Grigori Kozintsev, director Hamlet, King Lear.
1902
Frankfort Indiana – Will Greer, actor ,Grandpa Walton in The Waltons.
1902
USA – Edward Durell Stone, architect, US Embassy in New Delhi.
1892
England – Vita Sackville-West, novelist, poet, The Land.
1890
Russia – Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov, Soviet foreign minister, Ambassador to the UN.
1824
USA – Leland Stanford, Governor of California, Senator, founder of Stanford University.
1814
Ukraine – Taras Shevchenko, Ukrainian national poet, painter, professor at Kiev.
1564
Essens Germany – David Fabricius, astronomer, discover of variable stars.
1451
Florence Italy – Amerigo Vespucci, merchant, promoter of voyages, explorer to Brazil in 1499 and 1502; discovered Amazon and Plate Rivers; gave his name to America.


Today in Canadian History is written, compiled, edited and produced by Ottawa Researchers © 1984-2002.

All Rights Reserved.

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