On This Day

March 12

maple leaf Today's Canadian Headline...
1987 ORSER BEATS BOITANO AT THE WORLDSCincinnati Ohio – Brian Orser of Penetanguishene, Ontario beats defending champion Brian Boitano to became the men’s World Figure Skating Champion; first Canadian to win the title since Stratford’s Don McPherson in 1963.

Also On This Day...

Detroit Michigan – Gordie Howe retires from the NHL after 26 seasons, to take a front office job with the Red Wings organization. A year later, at age 45, a bored Howe leaves Detroit and joins his sons Mark and Marty with the World Hockey Association Houston Aeros, followed by the Hartford Whalers. When the WHA folds, Howe finds himself back in the NHL at age 51.


And in Today's Canadian Birthdays...

William Lyon Mackenzie 1795-1861
journalist, printer and political reformer, born on this day at Springfield, Angus, Scotland in 1795; dies in Toronto August 28, 1861. Mackenzie was Toronto’s first mayor; he fought the Family Compact, and led the unsuccessful revolt against the government in 1837, for which he fled into exile in the US. He was the grandfather of Prime Minister W. L. Mackenzie King.
Also Irving Peter Layton 1912-
poet, was born on this day at Neamt, Romania in 1912, and still going strong. Layton is a Jewish-Canadian poet based in Montreal.

Also Simon Newcomb 1835-1909
astronomer and mathematician, was born on this day at Wallace, Nova Scotia in 1835; dies July 11, 1909 in Washington, DC. Newcomb is known for his astronomical tables – ephemerides, or tables of computed places of celestial bodies over a period of time, and tables of astronomical constants.

Also John Joseph Caldwell Abbott 1821-1893
lawyer, politician, was born on this day at St.-AndrŽ-Est Quebec in 1821, the son of Joseph Abbott and Harriet Bradford; died Oct 30, 1893 at Montreal. Abbott was Canada’s 3rd Prime Minister 1891-92; first to be born in Canada; he also served as Dean of the McGill Law School.


In Other Events…
1993 North America – Huge blizzard batters east coast of the US and Canada; wind piles snowdrifts ran as high as four metres; over 110 deaths.
1990 Canada – Gallup poll shows PC support dropping to 17%; Liberals rise to 50%, NDP stall at 25%.
1985 Ottawa Ontario – Security guard Claude Brunelle killed as three Armenian terrorists raid Turkish Embassy
1984 Ottawa Ontario – King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia of Spain arrive in Canada for a 6-day state visit.
1976 Come By Chance Newfoundland – Come By Chance oil refinery declared bankrupt; established in 1973 by John Shaheen with Premier Joey Smallwood’s support.
1975 Hamilton Ontario – RCMP charges 13 companies and 14 people with conspiring to defraud Ottawa and Ontario of $4 million; Liberal Party members cleared in Hamilton Harbour dredging scandal.
1971 Quebec City – Quebec to compensate those arrested during the October Crisis and not charged; will destroy files and fingerprints
1966 Chicago Illinois – Bobby Hull scores his first goal of season and his career 51st against New York Rangers; first NHL player to score more than 50 goals in a season, beating Maurice Richard’s record.
1941 Ottawa Ontario – James Garfield Gardiner 1897-1972 cuts wartime wheat quotas to 65% of 1940 acreage; no price increase; $4/acre subsidy for land diverted to summer fallow; $2 for hay
1930 Ottawa Ontario – World War I air ace Billy Barker killed in a plane crash at Rockcliffe; shot down 53 enemy planes during the war, won Victoria Cross for a single-handed combat against some 60 German aircraft.
1926 Canada – Coal miners accept wage deal recommended by Royal Commission; including l0% wage cut
1921 Montreal Quebec – Stephen Leacock 1869-1944 founding president of the Canadian Authors Association.
1910 Montreal Quebec – Montreal Wanderers beat Berlin (Kitchener) 7-3 for the Stanley Cup.
1908 Hammondsport, New York – Frederick W. ‘Casey’ Baldwin the first Canadian and first British subject to fly an airplane; crashes into Lake Keuka; he stops flying three years later and joins Alexander Graham Bell in designing hydrofoil boats at Baddeck.
1908 Montreal Quebec – Montreal Wanderers sweep Winnipeg Maple Leafs for Stanley Cup; 2nd game of 1908
1903 Ottawa Ontario – Third session of ninth Parliament meets until October 24; raises head tax on Chinese immigrants to $500
1868 Ottawa Ontario – Opening of second part of first session of first Dominion Parliament; meets until May 22; free entry of US raw materials
1883 Ottawa Ontario – Port Moody BC – First steel for construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway arrives in British Columbia.
1857 Burlington Heights Ontario – Great Western Railway bridge between Toronto and Hamilton collapses; 79 people killed, 18 injured as train falls 12 metres to the frozen Desjardins Canal below; the builder/financier of the railway, US promoter Samuel Zimmerman, is one of those killed.
1820 Dunkeld Scotland – Alexander Mackenzie dies; explorer, North West Company partner; first person to cross the North American continent and reach the Pacific over land.
1672 Montreal Quebec – Francois Dollier de Casson 1636-1701 lays out Montreal’s main street, names it Rue Notre-Dame.
1664 London England – King Charles II grants territory between the St. Croix and Kennebec Rivers to his brother James, Duke of York.
1658 Quebec Quebec – Governor forbids inhabitants of New France to leave colony without permission.
1613 Honfleur France – René Le Coq de La Saussaye leaves for Acadia; sent by Antoinette de Pons, Marquise de Guercheville; to get Biard and Masse from Port Royal
In World Events…
1994 London England – Church of England ordains first women priests.
1986 Alaska – Susan Butcher wins 1,158 mile Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race.
1984 Britain – National Union of Mineworkers in England starts 51 week strike.
1984 Britain – Torvill & Dean British ice dancing team first skaters to receive 9 perfect 6.0s in world championships.
1982 New York City – PLO chief Yassir Arafat appears on Nightline.
1981 Space – Soyuz T-4 rocket carries two Soviet cosmonauts to Salyut 6 space station for 75-day mission; station in orbit since 1977.
1974 London England – Beatle Paul McCartney marries photographer Linda Eastman.
1970 USA – US lowers voting age from 21 to 18.
1969 New York City – Wonder Woman premieres on ABC-TV; stars Lynda Carter as Diana Prince; eventually on CBS.
1968 Mauritius – Mauritius gains independence from Britain.
1967 Austria – Reinhold Bachler ski jumps 505 feet.
1966 USA – Jockey Johnny Longden retires after 40 years in the saddle and 6,032 victories.
1959 Washington DC – US Congress approves Hawaii statehood.
1958 London England – British Empire Day renamed Commonwealth Day.
1955 USA – Charlie Parker dies at age 34; alto saxophonist, composer, bandleader, and father of bebop-style jazz.
1955 New York City – Dave Brubeck Quartet appear in Carnegie Hall for first time; Brubeck on vibes, Paul Desmond on alto sax, Joe Morello on drums and Eugene Wright on bass.
1946 Moscow Russia – USSR cedes part of Petsamo province to Finland.
1945 London England – British Empire celebrates first Empire Day.
1945 Albany New York – New York first US state to prohibit discrimination by race or creed in employment.
1940 Finland – Finland surrenders to Soviet Red Army; gives up some territory.
1939 Rome Italy – Pope Pius XII crowned in Vatican ceremonies.
1938 Austria – Nazi Germany invades Austria – the Anschluss.
1935 Nebraska – State of Nebraska legalizes pari-mutuel betting on horse races.
1933 Washington DC – President Franklin Delano Roosevelt holds first of his radio fireside chats with the American public; eight days after he was inaugurated.
1930 India – Mohandas Gandhi starts 300 km march to protest British salt tax.
1923 USA – Dr. Lee DeForest patents the soundtrack; a way to put sound on motion picture film; calls it phonofilm.
1917 St. Petersburg Russia – Russian Dumas sets up Provisional Committee; workers set up Soviets.
1913 Canberra Australia – Foundation stone laid for Australian capital building in Canberra.
1912 USA – Capt. Albert Berry performs first parachute jump from an airplane.
1912 Savannah Georgia – Juliette Low founds the Girl Guides of the U.S.A.; later the Girl Scouts of America.
1904 Liverpool England – Britain’s first main line electric train goes into service; Liverpool to Southport.
1888 USA – Devastating blizzard hits northeastern US, dumping up to 50 inches of snow, piling drifts over 30 feet tall; over 400 people die in the storm.
1877 Walvis Bay South Africa- British annex Walvis Bay in southern Africa.
1868 Botswana – British create Basutoland colony in Africa.
1857 Venice Italy – Guiseppe Verdi premieres his opera Simon Boccanegra in Venice.
1848 Paris France – 2nd republic established in France.
1789 Philadelphia Pennsylvania – US Post Office established.
1755 North Arlington New Jersey – First recorded installation of a steam engine in America; to pump water from a mine.
1664 New Jersey – New Jersey becomes an English colony.
1609 Bermuda – Bermuda becomes an English colony.
Today’s Global Birthdays…
1962 Los Angeles California – Darryl Strawberry, baseball right fielder, NY Mets (1983 Rookie of the Year); NL MVP: 26 HR, 74 RBIs in 122 games (1983); LA Dodgers; through 1993: 290 HR, 205 stolen bases.
1948 USA – James Taylor, singer: You’ve Got a Friend, Handy Man, Fire & Rain, How Sweet It Is (To Be Loved By You); formerly married to singer Carly Simon.
1946 Los Angeles California – Liza Minnelli, actress: Cabaret (Academy Award 1972); The Sterile Cuckoo, Arthur; daughter of Judy Garland and Vincente Minnelli.
1942 USA – – Paul Kantner, rock guitarist: Jefferson Airplane: Somebody to Love, White Rabbit, LP: Crown, Wooden Ships; Starship: LPs: Dragonfly, Red Octopus, Spitfire, Earth; KBC Band; solo LP: Blows Against the Empire, Planet Earth Rock and Roll Orchestra.
1932 USA – Andrew Young, mayor: Atlanta, Georgia
1928 USA – Edward Albee, playwright: A Delicate Balance (Pulitzer Prize 1967), Seascape (1974), Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, Zoo Story.
1927 Baku Russia – Mstislav Rostropovich, cellist, conductor.
1923 Hackensack New Jersey – Walter ‘Wally’ Shirra, Jr., Captain USN, NASA astronaut, Mercury 8, Gemini 6, Apollo 7.
1923 Norway – Hjalmar Andersen, speed skater 1500m, 5000m, 10,000m Olympic Gold medals in 1952.
1922 USA – Jack Kerouac, poet and novelist; spokesman for the Beat movement; author, On the Road, The Town and the City, The Dharma Bums, The Subterraneans, Doctor Sax, Maggie Cassidy, Lonesome Traveler, Big Sur, Desolation Angels, Visions of Cody.
1921 East Orange New Jersey – Gordon MacRae, actor: Oklahoma!, Carousel, The Desert Song; singer: I Still Get Jealous, It’s Magic, Hair of Gold Eyes of Blue, C’est Magnifique, The Secret (with Jo Stafford).
1921 Italy – Giovanni Agnelli, CEO Fiat Automakers.
1912 USA – Paul Weston (Wetstein), orchestra leader, arranger: Nevertheless (I’m in Love with You), Theme from Shane; songwriter: I Should Care, Shrimp Boats; husband of Jo Stafford.
1890 Russia – Vaslav Nijinsky, Russian ballet master.
1881 Turkey – Kemal Ataturk, first President of the Republic of Turkey.
1863 Italy – Gabriele D’Annunzio, military hero, writer, The Intruder.
1862 USA – Jane Delano, nurse, teacher, founder of American Red Cross.
1831 USA – Clement Studebaker, automobile pioneer.
1832 England – Charles Cunningham Boycott, estate agent in Ireland; in 1880, he refused to lower rents, served eviction notices instead; tenants refused to deal with him – ‘boycotted’ him – making his name part of the English language.

Today in Canadian History is written, compiled, edited and produced by Ottawa Researchers © 1984-2002.

All Rights Reserved.

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